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Somatic embryogenesis in Arabidopsis is achieved by culturing bending-cotyledon embryos on a 2,4-D-containing induction medium for 14 d followed by a transfer on to a hormone-free development medium. Several genes orthologous to Arabidopsis SHOOTMERISTEMLESS (STM), CLAVATA 1 (CLV1), and ZWILLE (ZLL) were isolated from Brassica oleracea (Bo), B. rapa (Br),(More)
SHOOTMERISTEMLESS (STM) is a homeobox gene conserved among plant species which is required for the formation and maintenance of the shoot meristem by suppressing differentiation and maintaining an undetermined cell fate within the apical pole. To assess further the role of this gene during seed storage accumulation, transgenic Brassica napus (Bn) plants(More)
MOTIVATION Subcellular localization of proteins is one of the most significant characteristics of living cells. Prediction of protein subcellular locations is crucial to the understanding of various protein functions. Therefore, an accurate, computationally efficient and reliable prediction system is required. RESULTS In this article, the predictions of(More)
Three Schiff base compounds ofN'-substituted benzohydrazide and sulfonohydrazide derivatives: N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-4-tert-butyl- benzohydrazide (1), N'-(5-bromo-2-hydroxybenzylidene)-4-tert-butylbenzohydrazide (2) and N'-(2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzylidene)-4-methylbenzenesulfonohydrazide (3) were synthesized and characterized by elemental(More)
A begomovirus disease complex associated with Sonchus arvensis, a common weed in Pakistan was studied using cloning, nucleic acid sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The complex associated with this weed consists of a monopartite begomovirus and several distinct betasatellites and alphasatellites. The monopartite begomovirus associated with yellow vein(More)
Sponges (phylum Porifera) of the class of Demospongiae are stabilized by a siliceous skeleton. It is composed of silica needles (spicules), which provide the morphogenetic scaffold of these metazoans. In the center of the spicules there is an axial filament that consists predominantly of silicatein, an enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of biosilica. By(More)
In the title compound, C 15 H 13 NO 3 S, the benzene ring and the five-membered heterocyclic ring are oriented at a dihedral angle of 12.00 (6)°. In the crystal, C-H O interactions generate two types of cyclic motifs, R 2 2 (14) and R 2 2 (26), connecting the molecules into tapes extending along [101]. In addition, there are-stacking interactions between(More)
In order to investigate the effects of HBK3, a spruce gene member of the class I KNOX family, during somatic embryogenesis, sense (HBK3-S) and antisense (HBK3-A) Norway spruce (Picea abies) lines were generated. Somatic embryos produced from these lines were then analysed at morphological and structural levels. Compared with control, differentiation of(More)
The siliceous spicules of sponges (Porifera) show great variations of sizes, shapes and forms; they constitute the chief supporting framework of these animals; these skeletal elements are synthesized enzymatically by silicatein. Each sponge species synthesizes at least two silicateins, which are termed -alpha and -beta. In the present study, using the(More)
Sulfite oxidase is a mitochondria-located molybdenum-containing enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of sulfite to sulfate in the amino acid and lipid metabolism. Therefore, it plays a major role in detoxification processes, where defects in the enzyme cause a severe infant disease leading to early death with no efficient or cost-effective therapy in sight. Here(More)