Muhammad Safdar

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Caspases are important initiators and most well-known finishers of apoptosis. By changing the death propagation homeostatic equilibrium, their different expression patterns might trigger the progression of hazardous diseases like cancer. miR-221 is an oncogenic miRNA. It is known to have both anti-angiogenic and angiogenic effect. The aim of this work was(More)
A microfluidic bioreactor with an easy to fabricate nano-plasmonic surface is demonstrated for studies of biofilms and their precursor materials via Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). The system uses a novel design to induce sheath flow confinement of a sodium citrate biofilm precursor stream against the SERS imaging surface to measure spatial(More)
We build on the concept of hot intrusion embossing to develop a one-step fabrication method for thermoplastic microfluidic channels containing integrated three-dimensional features. This was accomplished with simple, rapid-to-fabricate imprint templates containing microcavities that locally control the intrusion of heated thermoplastic based on their(More)
As we move slowly to a paradigm where a large number of machines will interact with each other without the need for human intervention, we begin to realize that we need a standard way to enable communication between these machines. Additionally, since a lot of good work has already been done in the past to setup the Internet and the IP networks, it makes(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose level, and body cannot produce enough insulin, or does not respond to the produced insulin. In spite of the diabetes education campaigns and programmes, a large number of people in the United Kingdom are living with diabetes. The main objective of the study is to evaluate(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are common comorbid conditions. Life style, particularly diet is a critical component of treatment for these conditions. Register dietitians play a key role in bridging the gap between the science of nutrition and the empowerment of individuals to alter their lifestyles in a healthy manner. A(More)
3 Abstract High data rates are highly demanded now-a-days in most of the communication systems such as audio/video broadcasting, cable networks, wireless networks etc. This can be achieved using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM), which is a bandwidth-efficient method. However, the major drawback of the OFDM technique is its high(More)
Surveillance practices have benefits. The surveillance gadgets are used for security purposes, making it easier for the security personnel to determine who, at what time and how an incident happened. However, surveillance practices have raised issues related to privacy. The government may use the surveillance gadgets to spy on the users. The information(More)
Continuing our previous research on color image compression, we move towards spectral image compression. This enormous amount of data needs more space to store and more time to transmit. To manage this sheer amount of data, researchers have investigated different techniques so that image quality can be conserved and compressibility can be improved. The(More)