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— Free Space Optics (FSO) is now a well established access technology, better known for its robustness in transmitting large data volumes in an energy efficient manner. However the BER performance of a FSO ground-link is adversely affected by cloud coverage, harsh weather conditions, and atmospheric turbulence. Fog, clouds and dry snow play a detrimental(More)
Optical wireless links offer gigabit per second data rates and low system complexity. For ground-space and or terrestrial communication scenarios, these links suffer from atmospheric loss mainly due to fog, scintillation and precipitation. We investigate here the impact of fog, rain and snow effects and evaluate their performance on the basis of attenuation(More)
Wireless Optical Communication Links (OCL), or Free Space Optics (FSO) links involving optical ground stations (OGS) are highly influenced by the earth atmosphere due to the interaction of the optical wave with particles of different size and shape. Fog, clouds, rain and snow cause significant signal attenuation thus limiting the performance of OCL. In this(More)
— Goal: The aim of this study is to develop a novel fully wireless and batteryless technology for cardiac pacing. Methods: This technology uses radio frequency (RF) energy to power the implanted electrode in the heart. An implantable electrode antenna was designed for 1.2 GHz; then, it was tested in vitro and, subsequently , integrated with the rectifier(More)
Many studies have been performed on exploring the effects of radio-frequency (RF) energy on biological function in vivo. In particular, gene expression results have been inconclusive due, in part, to a lack of a standardized experimental procedure. This research describes a new far field RF exposure system for unrestrained murine models that reduces(More)
—The use of graphene-based conductors (GBC) as a transmission line (TL) is presented as a conventional TL possessing right-handed (RH) nature and its coupling characteristics are investigated. In order to verify and demonstrate the wave propagation of a GBC TL, a 120 mm long 50 Ω TL was fabricated and tested. Performance of the single GBC TL was then(More)