Muhammad S. Gill

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The presence of vascular invasion (VI), encompassing both lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and blood vascular invasion (BVI), in breast cancer has been found to be a poor prognostic factor. It is not clear, however, which type of VI plays the major role in metastasis. The aims of this study were to use an endothelial subtype specific immunohistochemical(More)
Global gene expression profiling studies have classified breast cancer into molecular classes, some of which show similarity to normal mammary cells (ie luminal and basal subtypes) with a subsequent histogenetic implication that reinforced the perception that the phenotype of breast cancer reflects the cell of origin. However, it remains to be determined(More)
Although invasive ductal (IDC) and lobular (ILC) breast carcinomas are well characterised in the literature, the biological and clinical significance of mixed tumours with both ductal and lobular components has not been investigated. In the current study, we have examined a well-characterised series of breast carcinoma with a long term follow-up that(More)
AIMS Structured multicentre efforts are needed if the prognosis of adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is to be improved. Data collection may be enhanced through standardised histopathological reporting using criteria such as the recently published Royal College of Pathologists' (UK) minimum dataset (MDS). This study aimed to perform a clinicopathological review(More)
AIM Accurate assessment of estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) status of breast cancers is essential for selecting patients for endocrine treatment. This study aimed to compare immunohistochemistry for these markers using the pharmDx system and standard methods. METHODS Sections of 203 core biopsies of invasive carcinoma of the breast(More)
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