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—In recent years, location determination systems have gained a high importance due to their rule in the context aware systems. In this paper, we will design a multi-floor indoor positioning system based on Bayesian Graphical Models (BGM). Graphical models have a great flexibility on visualizing the relationships between random variables. Rather than using(More)
Localization and responded accordingly are the most challenging and important issues in reconfigurable microstrip antenna (RMA). Hence, the challenges of combining Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology into the RMA are outlined. Integrating RFID into RMA is very important in wireless communication systems since the technologies have the ability(More)
—Dynamic spectrum allocation (DSA) solutions such as cognitive radio networks (CRNs) have been proposed as a key technology to exploit the frequency segments that are spectrally underutilized. In this paper, the performance of cooperative CRNs has been analyzed under two different operational modes, namely, constant primary user protection (CPUP) and(More)
—This paper proposes a compact printed ultra-wideband (UWB) multiple-input-multiple-output (MIMO) antenna with a dimension of 38 × 91 mm 2. The presented UWB-MIMO antenna comprises two identical patch elements with D separation distance on the same substrate. The basic single antenna structure has a novel design comprising seven circles surrounding a center(More)
—A form of a novel adaptive antenna system that combines radio frequency identification (RFID) technology, programmable intelligent computer (PIC) microcontroller and reconfigurable beam steering antenna is proposed. Localization and adaptive response are the most challenging issues in smart antenna system. In this research, the localization technique(More)
—In this paper, a Rectangular Dielectric Resonator Antenna (RDRA) with a modified feeding line is designed and investigated at 28 GHz. The modified feed line is designed to excite the DR with relative permittivity of 10 which contributes to a wide bandwidth operation. The proposed single RDRA has been fabricated and mounted on a RT/Duroid 5880 (ε r = 2.2(More)
—A new antenna structure is formed by combining the concept of reconfigurable planar antenna array (RPAA) with the parasitic elements to produce beam steering patterns. The antenna has been integrated with the PIN diode switches that enable the beam to be steered in the desired direction. This has been done by changing the switch state to either on or off(More)
Current indoor location determination systems require an offline training phase in order to build a radio map that contains a list of radio fingerprints at known locations. The process of building this radio map is usually a time-consuming and requires an intensive work where the accuracy of these systems depends on various factors such as the number of(More)
—A new antenna structure with lower side lobe pattern and higher gain was designed by combining a microstrip rectangular planar antenna array with the separated feed network technique. In this paper, the side lobe behaviors of two different radiating structures have been studied and compared. The first antenna configuration (" Structure 1 ") is a 16-element(More)