Muhammad Oneeb Rehman Mian

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OBJECTIVE Endothelin (ET)-1 plays a role in vascular reactive oxygen species production and inflammation. ET-1 has been implicated in human atherosclerosis and abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) development. ET-1 overexpression exacerbates high-fat diet-induced atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E(-/-) (Apoe(-/-)) mice. ET-1-induced reactive oxygen species and(More)
BACKGROUND Recent studies have raised concern about the safety of erythropoiesis-stimulating agents because of evidence of increased risk of hypertension and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients. In the present study, we investigated the effects of recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO) on endothelial function of(More)
In human atherosclerosis, which is associated with elevated plasma and coronary endothelin (ET)-1 levels, ETA receptor antagonists improve coronary endothelial function. Mice overexpressing ET-1 specifically in the endothelium (eET-1) crossed with atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E knockout mice (Apoe(-/-)) exhibit exaggerated high-fat diet(More)
Despite intensive research, the exact cause of hypertension remains unknown. Low-grade inflammation has been proposed to play a key role in the pathogenesis of hypertension. Both innate and adaptive immune responses may participate in this process. Several studies have addressed the contribution of adaptive immunity to the pathophysiology of high blood(More)
AIMS T-regulatory lymphocyte (Treg) adoptive transfer prevented angiotensin (Ang) II-induced hypertension and microvascular injury. Scurfy mice are deficient in Treg because of a mutation in the transcription factor forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) gene. Enhanced Ang II effects in the absence of Treg would unambiguously demonstrate their vascular protective role. We(More)
Hypertension involves remodelling and inflammation of the arterial wall. Interactions between vascular and inflammatory cells play a critical role in disease initiation and progression. T effector and regulatory lymphocytes, members of the adaptive immune system, play contrasting roles in hypertension. Signals from the central nervous system and the innate(More)
We investigated the role of angiotensin type 1a receptors (AGTR1a) in vascular injury induced by aldosterone activation of mineralocorticoid receptors in Agtr1a(-/-) and wild-type (WT) mice infused with aldosterone for 14 days while receiving 1% NaCl in drinking water. Aldosterone increased systolic blood pressure (BP) by ≈30 mm Hg in WT mice and ≈50 mm Hg(More)
BACKGROUND Innate antigen-presenting cells and adaptive immune T cells have been implicated in the development of hypertension. However, the T-lymphocyte subsets involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension remain unclear. A small subset of innate-like T cells expressing the γδ T cell receptor (TCR) rather than the αβ TCR could play a role in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Studies support a direct causal association between preterm birth and increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Increased left and right ventricular mass, and impaired systolic and diastolic function were observed in young adults born preterm. Deleterious neonatal conditions, as in preterm birth, could significantly impact on myocardial tissue.(More)
BACKGROUND Increased endothelin (ET)-1 expression causes endothelial dysfunction and oxidative stress. Plasma ET-1 is increased in patients with diabetes mellitus. Since endothelial dysfunction often precedes vascular complications in diabetes, we hypothesized that overexpression of ET-1 in the endothelium would exaggerate diabetes-induced endothelial(More)