Muhammad Naveed Babur

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There is a clinical need for noninvasive biomarkers of tumor hypoxia for prognostic and predictive studies, radiotherapy planning, and therapy monitoring. Oxygen-enhanced MRI (OE-MRI) is an emerging imaging technique for quantifying the spatial distribution and extent of tumor oxygen delivery in vivo. In OE-MRI, the longitudinal relaxation rate of protons(More)
CONTEXT Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) regulates the transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) in thyroid carcinoma cells. Both pathways are associated with aggressive phenotype in thyroid carcinomas. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to assess the effects of the clinical PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941 and genetic inhibition of PI3K and HIF on(More)
A panel of compounds belonging to the underexposed sulfamate class of carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) inhibitors was generated that displayed high specificity at nanomolar levels for the tumor-associated CA IX/XII isoforms. Three of the specific CA IX/XII inhibitors showed a positive response in in vitro assays for tumor cell migration and spreading.(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) and vascular endothelial growth factor 165 (VEGF(165)) are potent pro-angiogenic growth factors that play a pivotal role in tumor angiogenesis. The activity of these growth factors is regulated by heparan sulfate (HS), which is essential for the formation of FGF2/FGF receptor (FGFR) and VEGF(165)/VEGF receptor signaling(More)
AZD2171 is a highly potent, orally active inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor signaling. The potential for AZD2171 to enhance the antitumor effects of radiotherapy was investigated in lung (Calu-6) and colon (LoVo) human tumor xenograft models. Combined treatment resulted in a significantly enhanced growth delay compared with either(More)
The phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway is deregulated in a range of cancers, and several targeted inhibitors are entering the clinic. This study aimed to investigate whether the positron emission tomography tracer 3'-deoxy-3'-[(18)F]fluorothymidine ([(18)F]-FLT) is suitable to mark the effect of the novel PI3K inhibitor GDC-0941, which has entered(More)
BACKGROUND Metastases cause most cancer-related deaths. We investigated the use of hypoxia-selective cytotoxins as adjuvants to radiotherapy in the control of metastatic tumour growth. METHODS The NLCQ-1, RB6145 and tirapazamine were assessed against the spontaneously metastasising KHT model. Subcutaneous KHT tumours (250 mm(3)) were irradiated with 25 Gy(More)
BACKGROUND Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) has a very aggressive clinical course with early metastasis. This study investigated how the distinctive neuroendocrine characteristics contribute to disease progression and invasion in human SCLC. METHODS The neuroendocrine phenotype (pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC)) was quantified by ELISA in blood samples from 43(More)
Complications associated with the development of lung metastases have a detrimental effect on the overall survival rate of many cancer patients. Preclinical models that mimic the clinical aspects of lung metastases are an important tool in developing new therapy options for these patients. The commonly used intravenous models only recapitulate dissemination(More)
A number of pre-clinical studies have suggested that blocking vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signalling can be beneficial in combination with radiotherapy. This study investigated the effects of cediranib, a highly potent orally available inhibitor of VEGF receptor tyrosine kinase activity in combination with radiation in Calu-6 lung xenografts.(More)