Muhammad Khizar Rafiq

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Motor neurone disease is a neurodegenerative condition with a significant morbidity and shortened life expectancy. Hypoventilatory respiratory failure is the most common cause of death and respiratory function significantly predicts both survival and quality of life in patients with motor neurone disease. Accordingly, supporting and maintaining respiratory(More)
  • M Rafiq, Easterbrook, D J Denham
  • 2005
Optimum detailing of reinforcement bars for biaxial columns is a non-trivial task and there is no guidance in the codes of practice on this issue. Conventional methods of producing a single design solution and the use of optimization methods to find a single global optimum solution is not what practicing engineers require. This paper introduces an(More)
This paper presents a Web based system for capturing outlines of 2D shapes using Matlab Web Server. From a simple user interface in HTML, any Web user can upload his data and view the results. Cubi c Bezier curve design is used to capture the outlines. In that, outline is divided into curve segments at corner points and curve approximation of each segment(More)
BACKGROUND Lithium has neuroprotective effects in cell and animal models of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and a small pilot study in patients with ALS showed a significant effect of lithium on survival. We aimed to assess whether lithium improves survival in patients with ALS. METHODS The lithium carbonate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (LiCALS)(More)
Sanjad-Sakati syndrome is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder first described in Saudi Arabia. Anesthetic management of these patients is challenging due to airway difficulties, electrolyte imbalance, growth and mental retardation, and seizures. The anesthetic management of the syndrome is described in this case report.
Prognosis of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is very poor. Chemotherapeutic agents in allopathic medicines are hardly effective. Long time of survival is possible only in cases of full surgical excision or liver transplantation. Use of herbal medicine in the treatment of liver cancer and other cancers has a long tradition. A total of 30 HCC patients (66%(More)
BACKGROUND Hips can suffer severe damage due to untreated developmental dysplasia, septic arthritis, tuberculosis, a neglected fracture of the neck of femur and neglected hip dislocation. The Ilizarov technique offers an effective treatment by providing a stable hip with abolished Trendelenburg lurch and equalizing limb length discrepancy through distal(More)
Modeling infectious diseases helped out to understand and overcome epidemics. This paper is based on epidemic model SIR, which fits well to many epidemiological diseases. Basic idea of Homotopy Analysis Method (HAM)is discussed and employed to compute an approximation to the solution of nonlinear system of differential equations. The effect of vaccination(More)