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The ibeA gene is located on a genomic island, GimA, which is involved in the pathogenesis of neonatal meningitis Escherichia coli (NMEC) and avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC). The prevalence of ibeA in the APEC collection in China was investigated, and 20 of 467 strains (4.3%) were positive. In addition, analysis of the association of the E. coli reference(More)
To study the prevalence of beta-thalassaemia and sickle cell traits in the Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. The Ministry of Health of Saudi Arabia launched a countrywide programme in February 2004 to allow all Saudis planning marriage to screen their carrier status for beta-thalassaemia and sickle cell traits. This population survey of mandatory premarital(More)
The present study demonstrates that various fractions and sub-fractions isolated from Bacopa monniera produced significant inhibition of carbachol-induced bronchoconstriction, hypotension and bradycardia in anaesthetized rats. All these showed more potency towards inhibition of tracheal pressure compared to either blood pressure or heart rate. The sub-sub(More)
The ethanol extract of Bacopa monniera (Scrophulariaceae) exhibited marked anti-inflammatory activity against carrageenan-induced paw edema in mice and rats, an acute inflammatory model. To assess the possible mechanism of anti-inflammatory action against carrageenan, the ethanol extract was treated with chemical mediators (histamine, serotonin, bradykinin,(More)
The prevalence of consanguineous marriages was studied in 940 families belonging to four different socio-economic groups in and around Lahore, Pakistan. The births occurring in these families from September 1984 to March 1987 were also investigated for birth defects. The overall prevalence of consanguineous marriages was 46%. The first cousin marriages were(More)
Oxazolomycin, first isolated in 1985, is a novel bioactive compound, exhibiting potent antiviral, antibacterial and cytotoxic activity, and is now known to be the parent of a wider class of compounds. The broad-spectrum activity of oxazolomycin has been attributed to its protonophoric properties. This review outlines the isolation, structural determination,(More)
BACKGROUND One of the main objectives of studying intellectual disability (ID) in children is to explore its causes. A specific aetiological diagnosis is important in determining the prognosis, nature and extent of services needed to support affected children. METHODS Aetiology and risk factors in mild ID were studied in a cohort of longitudinally(More)
In Pakistan there are a number of acute problems related to maternal and infant health in the perinatal period. There is also lack of reliable data needed for the formulation of action strategies. To provide a database 1490 women have been followed from the 5th month of pregnancy in four different areas at various levels of urbanization and socio-economic(More)
UNLABELLED The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of mild mental retardation (MMR) in 6-10-y-old children in a prospectively followed cohort in Pakistan from four areas with different socioeconomic conditions. Retarded children were identified by a two-step method, comprising a household screening with the Ten Questions Screening in 649 families(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the pharmacokinetics and comparative bioavailability of nefopam tablets (Acupan®). SUBJECTS AND METHODS Experimentation of this study was based on a single-dose, two-sequence, cross-over randomized design using 12 fasting healthy Pakistani male young subjects. This validated LC/MS method was applied to a pharmacokinetic and(More)