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Mycobacterium caprae is a pathogen that can infect animals and humans. To better understand the epidemiology of M. caprae, we spoligotyped 791 animal isolates. Results suggest infection is widespread in Spain, affecting 6 domestic and wild animal species. The epidemiology is driven by infections in caprids, although the organism has emerged in cattle.
Change operators are the building blocks of ontology evolution. Elementary, composite and complex change operators have been suggested. While lower-level change operators are useful in terms of fine-granular representation of ontology changes, representing the intent of change requires higher-level change operators. Here, we focus on higher-level composite(More)
A study on tuberculosis in buffaloes: some epidemiological aspects, along with haematological and serum protein changes. ABSTRACT The study was conducted to ascertain the epidemiology, together with effects of bovine tuberculosis, on certain haematological parameters and serum proteins at two Livestock Experiment Stations in Pakistan. The results on(More)
The present study was carried to ascertain the association of various risk factors of mastitis in water buffaloes. The milk samples from buffaloes were collected and screened through California Mastitis Test for the presence of mastitis. In the present study, 15.2 % prevalence of subclinical mastitis was recorded both at the government (13.4 %) and private(More)
Change operators are the building blocks of ontology evolution. Different layers of change operators have been suggested. In this paper, we present a novel approach to deal with ontology evolution, in particular, change representation as a pattern-based layered operator framework. As a result of an empirical study, we identify four different levels of(More)
Ontologies can support a variety of purposes, ranging from capturing the conceptual knowledge to the organisation of digital content and information. However, information systems are always subject to change and ontology change management can pose challenges. In this sense, the application and representation of ontology changes in terms of higher-level(More)
Changes in the characterization of instances in digital content are one of the rationales to evolve ontologies that support a domain. These changes can have impacts on one or more of interrelated ontolo-gies. Before implementing changes, their impact on the target ontology, other dependent ontologies or dependent systems should be analysed. We investigate(More)