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Cytosolic Ca(2+) signals are transferred into mitochondria over a huge concentration range. In our recent work we described uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2/3) to be fundamental for mitochondrial uptake of high Ca(2+) domains in mitochondria-ER junctions. On the other hand, the leucine zipper EF hand-containing transmembrane protein 1 (Letm1) was(More)
Uncoupling proteins 2 and 3 (UCP2/3) are essential for mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake but both proteins exhibit distinct activities in regard to the source and mode of Ca(2+) mobilization. In the present work, structural determinants of their contribution to mitochondrial Ca(2+) uptake were explored. Previous findings indicate the importance of the(More)
Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to measure global changes in cerebral haemodynamics. We have adapted the technique to measure regional changes in response to a visual stimulus. Ten volunteers were exposed to a computer generated visual stimulus designed to activate a large area of the visual cortex, including V1, V2, V3, V4 and V5. The stimulus(More)
Accumulation of palmitic acid (PA) in cells from nonadipose tissues is known to induce lipotoxicity resulting in cellular dysfunction and death. The exact molecular pathways of PA-induced cell death are still mysterious. Here, we show that PA triggers autophagy, which did not counteract but in contrast promoted endothelial cell death. The PA-induced cell(More)
Multiple functions of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) essentially depend on ATP within this organelle. However, little is known about ER ATP dynamics and the regulation of ER ATP import. Here we describe real-time recordings of ER ATP fluxes in single cells using an ER-targeted, genetically encoded ATP sensor. In vitro experiments prove that the ATP sensor(More)
Mitochondria contribute to cell signaling by controlling store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE). SOCE is activated by Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), whereupon stromal interacting molecule 1 (STIM1) forms oligomers, redistributes to ER-plasma-membrane junctions and opens plasma membrane Ca(2+) channels. The mechanisms by which mitochondria(More)
The transfer of Ca(2+) from the cytosol into the lumen of mitochondria is a crucial process that impacts cell signaling in multiple ways. Cytosolic Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](cyto)) can be excellently quantified with the ratiometric Ca(2+) probe fura-2, while genetically encoded Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based fluorescent Ca(2+) sensors, the cameleons,(More)
  • Inayatullah Khan, Univ, Horst Bischof, Peter Auer, Abdul Wadud, Nasreen Wadud +32 others
  • 2012
Statutory Declaration I declared that I have authored this thesis independently, that I have not used other than the declared sources / resources, and that I have explicitly marked all materials which has been quoted either literally or by context from the used sources. Place Date Signature Eidesstattliche Erklárung Ich erkláre an Eides statt, das ich die(More)
Cerebellar metastases from bladder cancer are rare, but with timely diagnosis may be treated successfully by surgical and adjuvant therapies. Introduction Cerebellar metastases from superficial bladder cancer are extremely rare. Bladder cancer is the second most common cancer of the urinary tract. It is the fourth most common cancer in men and eight most(More)
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