Muhammad Faisal

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An all-digital phase-locked loop for the MedRadio bands is presented. This ring oscillator based ADPLL was entirely designed and placed-and-routed using digital design flows and was fabricated in a 65 nm CMOS process. Pulse width modulation of the DCO control signals is introduced as a technique to improve the resolution of the DCO to 59 kHz/LSB. This ADPLL(More)
Low Density Parity Check (LDPC) code approaches Shannon–limit performance for binary field and long code lengths. However, performance of binary LDPC code is degraded when the code word length is small. An optimized minsum algorithm for LDPC code is proposed in this paper. In this algorithm unlike other decoding methods, an optimization factor has been(More)
Acknowledgements The authors would first and foremost like to thank the many IDPs, Afghan refugees and residents of Peshawar who generously gave their time to be interviewed for this study, as well as key informants. Special thanks to Katie Hindley for research support, the Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI) in Islamabad for supporting the(More)
A 1 trillion node internet of things (IoT) will require sensing platforms that support numerous applications using power harvesting to avoid the cost and scalability challenge of battery replacement in such large numbers. Previous SoCs achieve good integration and even energy harvesting [1][2][3], but they limit supported applications, need higher(More)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) both in coding and non-coding regions govern gene functions prompting differential vulnerability to diseases, heterogeneous response to pharmaceutical regimes and environmental anomalies. These genetic variations, SNPs, may alter an individual׳s susceptibility for alcohol dependence by remodeling DNA-protein(More)
A 1 trillion node internet of things (IoT) will require sensing platforms that support numerous applications using power harvesting to avoid the cost and scalability challenge of battery replacement in such large numbers. Previous SoCs achieve good integration and even energy harvesting [1][2][3], but they limit supported applications, need higher(More)
This paper presents a batteryless system-on-chip (SoC) that operates off energy harvested from indoor solar cells and/or thermoelectric generators (TEGs) on the body. Fabricated in a commercial 0.13 μW process, this SoC sensing platform consists of an integrated energy harvesting and power management unit (EH-PMU) with maximum power point tracking, multiple(More)
Multimedia applications have been the key driving force in converging fixed, mobile and IP networks. A major hurdle in the realisation of this convergence is obtaining Quality of Service from a heterogeneous, best-effort service network. Interactive voice requires strict bounds on delay, jitter and packet losses, video adds significant bandwidth(More)
An extensive research has been carried out to evaluate method for the tracking of mobile equipment using it’s base stations in a GSM network. Enhanced Observed Time Difference (E-OTD) method is one of the promising and fairly developed positioning technologies that has been standardized for GSM systems. This Method has been utilized in this research work to(More)