Muhammad Bakari

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BACKGROUND We sought to determine the prevalence of active tuberculosis among ambulatory HIV-infected persons in Tanzania with CD4 cell counts of > or =200 cells/mm3 and a bacille Calmette-Guerin vaccination scar. METHODS Subjects who volunteered for a tuberculosis booster vaccine trial were screened for active tuberculosis by obtainment of a history,(More)
BACKGROUND Tanzania is currently scaling-up access to anti-retro viral therapy (ART) to reach as many eligible persons as possible. Hepatitis viral co-infections are known to influence progression, management as well as outcome of HIV infection. However, information is scarce regarding the prevalence and predictors of viral hepatitis co-infection among(More)
BACKGROUND A human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) vaccine that limits disease and transmission is urgently needed. This clinical trial evaluated the safety and immunogenicity of an HIV vaccine that combines a plasmid-DNA priming vaccine and a modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA) boosting vaccine. METHODS Forty healthy volunteers were injected with DNA(More)
BACKGROUND We conducted a phase I/II randomized placebo-controlled trial with the aim of exploring whether priming with a low intradermal dose of a multiclade, multigene HIV-1 DNA vaccine could improve the immunogenicity of the same vaccine given intramuscularly prior to boosting with a heterologous HIV-1 MVA among healthy adults in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether a multiple-dose series of an inactivated whole cell mycobacterial vaccine, Mycobacterium vaccae, can prevent HIV-associated tuberculosis. DESIGN AND METHODS The DarDar trial was a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. The study was carried in an outpatient facility in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. HIV-infected(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate various strategies aimed at improving adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART). METHODS Patients initiated on ART at Muhimbili National Hospital HIV clinic were randomly assigned to either regular adherence counseling, regular counseling plus a calendar, or regular counseling and a treatment assistant. Patients were seen monthly;(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the suitability of a cohort of police officers in Dar es Salaam for HIV vaccine trials by determining the prevalence and incidence of HIV-1 infection, active syphilis and their associated factors. DESIGN AND SETTING An open cohort study of police officers in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. METHODS Recruitment of police officers began in(More)
BACKGROUND In recent randomized controlled trials, male circumcision has been proven to complement the available biomedical interventions in decreasing HIV transmission from infected women to uninfected men. Consequently, Tanzania is striving to scale-up safe medical male circumcision to reduce HIV transmission. However, there is a need to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Evaluating experiences of volunteers in an HIV vaccine trial will be useful for the conduct of future trials. The purpose of this study among volunteers who participated in a phase I/II HIV vaccine trial in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania was to assess what characterized their experiences during the trial. METHODS We conducted four focus group(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the timing, incidence, clinical presentation, pharmacokinetics and pharmacogenetic predictors for antiretroviral and anti-tuberculosis drug induced liver injury (DILI) in HIV patients with or without TB co-infection. METHODS AND FINDINGS A total of 473 treatment naïve HIV patients (253 HIV only and 220 with HIV-TB co-infection)(More)