Muhammad Babar Rasheed

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In this research work, we advise gateway based energy-efficient routing protocol (M-GEAR) for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). We divide the sensor nodes into four logical regions on the basis of their location in the sensing field. We install Base Station (BS) out of the sensing area and a gateway node at the centre of the sensing area. If the distance of(More)
Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks are significantly different from terrestrial sensor networks due to peculiar characteristics of low bandwidth, high latency, limited energy, node float mobility and high error probability. These features bring many challenges to the network protocol design of UWSNs. Several routing protocols have been developed in recent(More)
Human Activity Recognition (AR) using kinematic sensors is one of the widely used researched area based on Smartphone. Development in sensor networks technology provided birth to the applications that can give intelligent and amicable services based on the AR of people. Although, this technology supports analyzing different activities pattern, empowering(More)
Cluster based routing protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been widely used for better performance in terms of energy efficiency. Efficient use of energy is challenging task of designing these protocols. Energy holes are created due to quickly drain the energy of a few nodes due to nonuniform node distribution in the network. Normally, energy(More)
In this paper, we propose mathematical optimization models of household energy units to optimally control the major residential energy loads while preserving the user preferences. User comfort is modelled in a simple way, which considers appliance class, user preferences and weather conditions. The wind-driven optimization (WDO) algorithm with the objective(More)
Cluster based Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have been widely used for better performance in terms of energy efficiency. Efficient use of energy is challenging task of designing these protocols. Energy holed are created due to quickly drain the energy of a few nodes due to non-uniform distribution in the network. Normally, energy holes make the data(More)
Muhammad Babar Rasheed 1, Nadeem Javaid 1,*, Ashfaq Ahmad 1, Mohsin Jamil 2, Zahoor Ali Khan 3, Umar Qasim 4 and Nabil Alrajeh 5 1 COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan; babar_mehr@yahoo.com (M.B.R.); ashfaqcomsats@gmail.com (A.A.) 2 School of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, National University of Science and(More)
This paper presents real time information based energy management algorithms to reduce electricity cost and peak to average ratio (PAR) while preserving user comfort in a smart home. We categorize household appliances into thermostatically controlled (tc), user aware (ua), elastic (el), inelastic (iel) and regular (r) appliances/loads. An optimization(More)