Muhammad B. Shafiq

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The major types of slowly developing faults, which can lead to arc faults in switchgear and controlgear, such as partial discharge, arcing, and heating due to poor connections, can now be successfully detected and monitored. In parts I and II of this paper series, a detailed review of the immediate causes of arc faults, along with an overview of preignition(More)
This paper proposes an enhanced solution for security constrained optimal power flow (SC-OPF) problem based on multi-phase search optimisation algorithm (MSOA). The objective is to minimise the generation costs by optimising the control variables, such as generator power, and satisfying system constraints. MSOA simulates the performance of humans'(More)
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