Muhammad Aziz Ur Rahman

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Twenty multiparous Chinese Holstein dairy cows calving in hot summer (S group), were compared with 20 similar control cows calving in cool autumn (C group). Diets were the same for both groups; prepartum diets had relatively low energy density. Average temperature–humidity index was 76.5 and 53.0 in summer and autumn, respectively. S group cows had(More)
Twelve Holstein bulls were used in a 4 × 4 Latin square design to investigate the effects of using whole-crop wheat hay (WCWH) as a substitute for Leymus chinensis (LC) on apparent digestibility, plasma parameters, ruminal fermentation, and microbial communities. Experimental treatments were four proportions of WCWH, 0, 33, 67, and 100%, as a substitute for(More)
Feed cost contributes a large proportion of the total cost in commercial poultry bird production (Khattak et al., 2006). In feed production to gain maximum production from the chicken, not only ingredients contributes the higher amount of the total cost but feed processing also contribute a huge cost (Beukovi et al., 2010; Gracia et al., 2010; Wu and(More)
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