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With the advancements of acoustic modem technology that supports better data rates with reliable communications, current research focuses on algorithms those can support such technology in a better way. During the last two decades, many protocols suggested in order to handle the adverse environment of underwater communications. This continued research(More)
With the advancements of acoustic modem technology that supports better data rates with reliable communications, current research focuses on algorithms those can support such technology in a better way. During the last two decades, many protocols suggested in order to handle the adverse environment of underwater communications. This continued research(More)
Keywords: Underwater sensor networks Underwater acoustic communications Routing protocols Resource-aware routing Classification of protocols a b s t r a c t Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs) are finding different applications for offshore exploration and ocean monitoring. In most of these applications, the network consists of significant number of(More)
—Underwater Wireless Sensor etworks (UWSs) provide a solution for monitoring those unstable environments which is considered frightening for human presence. These networks are mostly formed by acoustic sensor nodes and surface sinks called buoys that are connected to any onshore control centre. The reliable delivery of sensed data to the surface sink is a(More)