Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Learn More
This paper explores the relationship between corporate governance and capital structure of listed companies in an emerging equity market, Pakistan. The study covers the period 2002 to 2005 for which firm level data for 58 randomly selected non-financial listed companies from Karachi Stock Exchange has been examined by using multivariate regression analysis(More)
The novelty of the paper lies in an extended nonlinear model for the Stewart platform with moving payload. The models found in the existing literature are most of the time only valid for static loads with symmetric configurations, as reflected by the presumed assumption on Moments of Inertia (MOI) being static and symmetric. Such assumption precludes a wide(More)
As economic globalization intensifies competition and creates a climate of constant change, winning and keeping customers has never been more important. Nowadays, Banks have realized that customer relationships are a very important factor for their success. Customer relationship management (CRM) is a strategy that can help them to build long-lasting(More)
In this study, Karasek JDC model has been applied to check the impact in the employees of NADRA. As NADRA is one of the organizations that is running successfully in this era of recession, the study focused on the factors of the employee Job Satisfaction. Questionnaire has been used as the data collecting instrument. The sample of 200 employees was given(More)
Although Musharakah and Mudarabah are the two main authentic Islamic modes of finance in Islamic banking system but the Islamic banking industry is at-least partially failed to promote these basic Islamic modes of finance. Instead Murabaha and Ijara play a major role now-a-days in Islamic banking businesses. The present study tries to find out the causes(More)
The purpose of this study is to explore the emerging research areas in marketing. The literature from the various journals is reviewed to find out the evidence from different contexts that which areas are gaining the attention of researchers. On the basis of literature review, the first part of study explains how to find out an emerging research area in(More)
Finding relationship between scientific articles is dire need of scholarly community. Current systems support the task to some extent, for example showing cited-by articles, related-articles etc. However, in many cases, these systems show a long list of related documents. For example, if a paper has been cited-by 500 papers, the Google Scholar shows the(More)
This research paper is intended to establish the impact of the employee satisfaction on the customer satisfaction. Customer satisfaction is the emerging issue nowadays and the present study was conducted to evaluate the customer satisfaction via employee satisfaction. This study is focused on the services sector especially in banking sectors of Pakistan. A(More)
This paper presents a technique for parameter estimation of uncertain nonlinear systems based on the computation of an accurate and robust derivative using higher order sliding modes. The proposed scheme does not involve any observer design or numerical differentiation. The novelty of the method is to facilitate the determination of system parameters via(More)