Muhammad Ali Akbar

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The Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is the de facto standard for user's session control in the next generation Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) networks based on the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) framework. In this paper, we first analyze the role of SIP based floods in the Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on the IMS. Afterwards, we present an online(More)
—The multimedia communication is rapidly converging towards Voice over Internet – commonly known as Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) is the standard used for session signaling in VoIP. Crafty attackers can launch a number of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks on a SIP based VoIP infrastructure that can severely compromise(More)
In the light of recent security incidents, leading to compromise of services using single factor authentication mechanisms, industry and academia researchers are actively investigating novel multi-factor authentication schemes. Moreover, exposure of unprotected authentication data is a high risk threat for organizations with online presence. The challenge(More)
Real-time Transport Protocol (RTP) is a widely adopted standard for transmission of multimedia traffic in Internet telephony (commonly known as VoIP). Therefore, it is a hot potential target for imposters who can launch different types of Denial of Service (DoS) attacks to disrupt communication; resulting in not only substantive revenue loss to VoIP(More)
Security of session initiation protocol (SIP) servers is a serious concern of Voice over Internet (VoIP) vendors. The important contribution of our paper is an accurate and real-time attack classification system that detects: (1) application layer SIP flood attacks that result in denial of service (DoS) and distributed DoS attacks, and (2) Spam over(More)
Phosphorus losses from agricultural land can cause accelerated eutrophication of surface water bodies. This study evaluated the use of soil test phosphorus (STP) levels to predict dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP) concentrations in runoff water from agricultural soils using laboratory rainfall simulation. The objectives of this study were to determine(More)
Keywords: Self-checking adder Carry-select adder Fault localization Self-repairing adder Multiple faults a b s t r a c t In this paper we propose an area-efficient self-repairing adder that can repair multiple faults and identify the particular faulty full adder. Fault detection and recovery has been carried out using self-checking full adders that can(More)
The common design problem in various approaches for self-checking adders is the fault propagation due to carry. Such a fault can misguide the system to detect the particular faulty module. In this paper, we proposed a self-checking Carry Select Adder (CSA) with fault localization ability. Our scheme can provide minimum area overhead for self-recovery(More)
An Ultrasonography (USG) feature extraction and classification system has been developed for detecting and analyzing organ structure in fetal body. This study aims to detect and measure features of fetus from scanned image of fetal head (biparietal diameter) and femur length. We propose Haar-like feature is used to extract feature from cropping image(More)