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The effects of salinity on growth, water relations, glycinebetaine content, and ion accumulation in the perennial halophyte Atriplex griffithii var. stocksii were determined. The following questions were addressed: (1) What effect does salinity have on growth responses at different ages? (2) Is A. griffithii an ion accumulator? (3) Does A. griffithii(More)
Growth and physiological responses at seedling (six months old) and sapling (12 months old) stages were studied under various seawater concentrations. The optimum growth of plants was obtained at 50% seawater and declined with further increases in salinity. Leaf water and osmotic potentials and xylem tension increased with an increase in media salinity both(More)
Growth, ionic and water relations of three mangrove species viz. Avicennia marina, Ceriops tagal and Rhizophora mucronata werestudied in different seawater concentrations (0, 25, 50, 75 and 100%).All mangrove species showed optimal growth at 50% seawater. Relativelymore biomass was accumulated by R. mucronata while C. tagalhad the tallest individuals.(More)
The combination of traits that makes a plant successful under saline conditions varies with the type of plant and its interaction with the environmental conditions. Knowledge about the contribution of these traits towards salt resistance in grasses has great potential for improving the salt resistance of conventional crops. We attempted to identify(More)
The ultrastructure of the body wall of the free miracidium ofSchistosoma mansoni and the changes occurring within 48h after penetration into the intermediate hostBiomphalaria pfeifferi are described. Within 2 h after penetration the ciliated plates are shed into the haemolymph of the snail and phagocytized by amoebocytes. At the same time the narrow ridges(More)
Improvement of crop production is needed to feed the growing world population as the amount and quality of agricultural land decreases and soil salinity increases. This has stimulated research on salt tolerance in plants. Most crops tolerate a limited amount of salt to survive and produce biomass, while halophytes (salt-tolerant plants) have the ability to(More)
The role of enzyme amylase in two germinating seed morphs, i.e. black and brown, of Halopyrum mucronatum in saline and non-saline environment was examined. Both seed morphs of this halophytic grass have variations in their moisture content, total lipid, protein, sugar, phenol and tannin contents. Black seed exhibited higher activity compared to brown in(More)
Ethylene is invariably produced during seed germination but its role in regulating seed dormancy and germination is poorly understood. Seeds of 22 halophytic species having different life forms - salt secreting dicots, salt secreting monocots, stem succulents and leaf succulents were germinated in Petri dishes kept in a growth chamber set at 20/30 degrees C(More)
Suaeda fruticosa Forssk is a leaf succulent obligate halophyte that produces numerous seeds under saline conditions. Seeds are a good source of high quality edible oil and leaves are capable of removing substantial amount of salt from the saline soil besides many other economic usages. Little is known about the biochemical basis of salt tolerance in this(More)
Salinity causes oxidative stress in plants by enhancing production of reactive oxygen species, so that an efficient antioxidant system, of which ascorbic acid (AsA) is a key component, is an essential requirement of tolerance. However, antioxidant responses of plants to salinity vary considerably among species. Limonium stocksii is a sub-tropical halophyte(More)