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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Flexible ureterorenoscopic holmium laser lithotripsy allows retrograde management of renal calculi that previously needed alternative strategies. This study assesses the influences of stone size, density, and location on treatment outcomes from a large series. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data concerning patients who presented for(More)
Questionnaires are a very useful survey tool that allow large populations to be assessed with relative ease. Despite a widespread perception that surveys are easy to conduct, in order to yield meaningful results, a survey needs extensive planning, time and effort. In this article, we aim to cover the main aspects of designing, implementing and analysing a(More)
In this paper, we present a game theoretic framework for spectrum allocation in distributed cognitive radio networks containing both unicast and broadcast traffic. Our proposed scheme aims to minimize broadcast latency for broadcast traffic and minimize interference and access contention for both types of traffic. We develop a utility function that ensures(More)
In this letter, a virtual multiple-input single-output (VMISO) network employing non-coherent frequency shift keying (FSK) is considered. In the VMISO network, spatially separated single-antenna nodes transmit the same information cooperatively to a single receiver where each received signal is affected by an independent carrier frequency offset (CFO). The(More)
This paper presents an experimental comparison between cooperative communication and single-input single-output (SISO) system, in terms of the corresponding ranges of signal reception in each case. Transmissions have been achieved using Universal Software Radio Peripheral (USRP) platform, with the signal processing and time synchronization occurring in the(More)