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Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), and scleroderma renal crisis (SRC) all present with features of thrombotic microangiopathy. Distinguishing among these entities is critical, however, as treatments differ and may be mutually exclusive. We describe the case of a 25-year-old woman with an undefined mixed connective(More)
AIMS Exercise intolerance is a hallmark of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), yet its mechanisms remain unclear. The current study sought to determine whether increases in cardiac output (CO) during exercise are appropriately matched to metabolic demands in HFpEF. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with HFpEF (n = 109) and controls (n = 73)(More)
1,3-Butadiene is one of the most commonly produced chemicals in the United States. It is also a known human and animal carcinogen. Information about 1,3-butadiene induced neurotoxicity is scarce. In this study, we evaluated the outcome of 1,3-butadiene accidental contact on neurological function in humans known to be environmentally exposed to the chemical.(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis of heart failure may be challenging because symptoms are rather nonspecific. Elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressure may be used to confirm the diagnosis, but cardiac catheterization is often not practical. Echocardiographic indexes are therefore used as markers of filling pressure. OBJECTIVES This study investigated the(More)
The authors describe transient apical thickening mimicking apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy following apical ballooning syndrome. These findings are observed on multimodality cardiac imaging and appear to constitute a novel entity. Possible pathophysiologic mechanisms are explored.
BACKGROUND Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital cardiac defect. This study sought to determine QAV frequency in a large echocardiography database, to characterize associated cardiovascular abnormalities, and to describe long-term outcomes. METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty patients (mean ± SD age, 43.5 ± 21.8 years at the time of the index(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Prior studies indicate that up to 35% of cases of severe aortic stenosis (AS) have paradoxical low flow, low gradient despite preserved left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). However, error in left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) diameter may lead to misclassification. Herein, we determined whether measurement of LVOT diameter(More)
Coronary artery anomaly is a rare postoperative coronary angiographic finding in heart transplant recipients. We report a case of anomalous origin of the right coronary artery in an asymptomatic 70-year-old heart transplant patient. Most coronary artery anomalies are benign, but surgical treatment may be necessary in major coronary artery anomalies that are(More)
Regadenoson is a widely used and well-tolerated vasodilator agent for pharmacologic stress myocardial perfusing imaging. In patients at higher risk of adverse reactions such as those with end stage renal disease, it can be reversed with early administration of aminophylline. However, little is known about late administration of aminophylline. This case(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the poorly studied relationship between functional aerobic capacity (FAC) as measured by treadmill stress testing and mortality in normal, overweight, and obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Patients were identified retrospectively from the stress testing database at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. We selected 5328 male(More)