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IL-17 is a cytokine that induces neutrophil-mediated inflammation, but its role in protective immunity against intracellular bacterial infection remains unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that IL-17 is an important cytokine not only in the early neutrophil-mediated inflammatory response, but also in T cell-mediated IFN-gamma production and(More)
IL-17A is originally identified as a proinflammatory cytokine that induces neutrophils. Although IL-17A production by CD4(+) Th17 T cells is well documented, it is not clear whether IL-17A is produced and participates in the innate immune response against infections. In the present report, we demonstrate that IL-17A is expressed in the liver of mice(More)
Acquired drug resistance to mycotic infections is rapidly emerging as a major medical problem. Opportunistic fungal infections create therapeutic challenges, particularly in high risk immunocompromised patients with AIDS, cancer, and those undergoing transplantation. Higher mortality and/or morbidity rates due to invasive mycosis have been increasing over(More)
Osteopontin (OPN) has been reported to enhance the interferon (IFN)-gamma-producing Th1-type T cell response through the induction of interleukin (IL)-12 and the suppression of IL-10. We therefore investigated whether OPN could enhance Th1 induction by vaccination against bacterial antigen in vivo. Unexpectedly, the co-inoculation of OPN suppressed the(More)
Although the importance of T(h)1-type immune response in protection against mycobacterial infection is well recognized, its regulatory mechanism in the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-infected lung is not well characterized. To address this issue, we analyzed kinetics of induction of mycobacterial antigen-specific CD4(+) T(h)1 T cells after mycobacterial(More)
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