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The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) regulates transcription in response to prostanoid and thiazolidinedione ligands and promotes adipocyte differentiation. The amino-terminal A/B domain of this receptor contains a consensus mitogen-activated protein kinase site in a region common to PPARgamma1 and -gamma2(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Apremilast is an orally administered phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor, currently in phase 2 clinical studies of psoriasis and other chronic inflammatory diseases. The inhibitory effects of apremilast on pro-inflammatory responses of human primary peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), polymorphonuclear cells, natural killer (NK)(More)
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) occur in pediatric patients; however, the incidence, associated morbidity, and mortality are unknown. A Canadian registry of DVT and PE in children (ages 1 month to 18 years) was established July 1, 1990 in 15 tertiary-care pediatric centers. One-hundred thirty-seven patients were identified(More)
BACKGROUND Central venous lines (CVLs) are frequently associated with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in children; however, little is known about the epidemiologic characteristics or outcome of CVL-related DVT. METHODS The Canadian Childhood Thrombophilia Registry monitored 244 consecutive patients with objectively diagnosed CVL-related DVT for a median(More)
We have employed automated fluorescence-based technology to detect amplified tri-, tetra-, and pentanucleotide short tandem repeat (STR) loci electrophoresed on denaturing polyacrylamide sequencing gels. The system described incorporates an internal size standard in each sample, allowing the STR-PCR products to be sized automatically with a high degree of(More)
BACKGROUND Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, especially with type 16 or 18, is associated with cervical cancer. Two HPV proteins, E6 and E7, are consistently expressed in tumour cells. The objectives of the study were to examine the clinical and environmental safety and immunogenicity in the first clinical trial of a live recombinant vaccinia virus(More)
An integrated approach including chemical speciation analyses and microalgal bioassays was used to assess the impact of copper from copper mining on a coastal area in Northern Chile. Dissolved copper ranged from <1 microg l(-1) at reference sites to 48 microgl(-1) at sites close to the mine discharge. Dissolved copper at sites closest to the discharge(More)
The outcome for children with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is unknown. An understanding of morbidity and mortality of DVT/PE is crucial to the development of rational treatment protocols. The Canadian Childhood Thrombophilia Registry has followed 405 children aged 1 mo to 18 y with DVT/PE for a mean of 2.86 y (range, 2 wk to 6 y)(More)
There are no validated guidelines for administering or monitoring oral anticoagulant therapy in pediatric patients. A pediatric thromboembolism program at the Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, prospectively monitored consecutive children requiring warfarin over an 18 month period. A uniform protocol was followed and dose adjustments based upon(More)
The nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) promotes adipocyte differentiation, exerts atherogenic and anti-inflammatory effects in monocyte/macrophages, and is believed to mediate the insulin-sensitizing action of antidiabetic thiazolidinedione ligands. As no complete PPARgamma antagonists have been described hitherto,(More)