Mrinal Kanti Ghosh

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This work is a survey of the average cost control problem for discrete-time Markov processes. The authors have attempted to put together a comprehensive account of the considerable research on this problem over the past three decades. The exposition ranges from finite to Borel state and action spaces and includes a variety of methodologies to find and(More)
A bstract . We study the ergodic control problem of switching diffusions representing a typical hybrid system that arises in numerous applications such as fault-tolerant control systems, flexible manufacturing systems, etc. Under fairly general conditions, we establish the existence of a stable, nonrandomized Markov policy which almost surely minimizes the(More)
The molecular mechanism(s) that are responsible for suppressing MyoD's transcriptional activities in undifferentiated skeletal muscle cells have not yet been determined. We now show that MyoD associates with a histone deacetylase-1 (HDAC1) in these cells and that this interaction is responsible for silencing MyoD-dependent transcription of endogenous p21 as(More)
Aqueous extract of cigarette smoke (CS) contains some stable oxidants, which oxidize human plasma proteins, bovine serum albumin, amino acid homopolymers, and also cause extensive oxidative degradation of microsomal proteins. Similar observations are made when the aqueous extract of cigarette smoke is replaced by whole phase CS solution or whole phase(More)
Glioblastoma multiformes (GBMs) are extensively heterogeneous at both cellular and molecular levels. Current therapeutic strategies include targeting of key signaling molecules using pharmacological inhibitors in combination with genotoxic agents such as temozolomide. In spite of all efforts, the prognosis of glioma patients remains dismal. Therefore, a(More)
The tumor suppressor, PTEN is key to the regulation of diverse cellular processes, making it a prime candidate to be tightly regulated. The PTEN level is controlled in a major way by E3 ligase-mediated degradation through the Ubiquitin-Proteasome System (UPS). Nedd 4-1, XIAP, and WWP2 have been shown to maintain PTEN turnover. Here, we report that CHIP, the(More)
ABSTACT The existence of optimal stable Markov relaxed controls for the ergodic control of multidimensional diffusions is established by direct probabilistic methods based on a characterization of a.s. limit sets of empirical measures. The optimality of the above is established in the strong (i.e., almost sure) sense among all admissible controls under very(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (Stat3) is a transcription factor that is involved in cell survival and proliferation and has been found to be persistently activated in most human cancers mainly through its phosphorylation at Tyr-705. However, the role and regulation of Stat3 Ser-727 phosphorylation in cancer cells have not been clearly(More)
During differentiation, skeletal muscle cells withdraw from the cell cycle and fuse into multinucleated myotubes. Unlike quiescent cells, however, these cells cannot be induced to reenter S phase by means of growth factor stimulation. The studies reported here document that both the retinoblastoma protein (Rb) and the cyclin-dependent kinase (cdk) inhibitor(More)
Small DNA viruses force quiescent cells to reenter the cell cycle in order to replicate their DNA. We report here that the adenovirus E1A protein creates an S phase environment in quiescent cells by overcoming the nucleosomal repression of E2F-targeted genes. These genes are surrounded by Lys-9-methylated H3 histones, and their promoters are occupied by the(More)