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Satellite cells are quiescent muscle stem cells that promote postnatal muscle growth and repair. Here we show that myostatin, a TGF-beta member, signals satellite cell quiescence and also negatively regulates satellite cell self-renewal. BrdU labeling in vivo revealed that, among the Myostatin-deficient satellite cells, higher numbers of satellite cells are(More)
PURPOSE The authors assessed comorbidity of auditory processing disorder (APD), language impairment (LI), and reading disorder (RD) in school-age children. METHOD Children (N = 68) with suspected APD and nonverbal IQ standard scores of 80 or more were assessed using auditory, language, reading, attention, and memory measures. Auditory processing tests(More)
  • Craig McFarlane, Anuradha Vajjala, Harikumar Arigela, Sudarsanareddy Lokireddy, XiaoJia Ge, Sabeera Bonala +3 others
  • 2014
Growth factors, such as myostatin (Mstn), play an important role in regulating post-natal myogenesis. In fact, loss of Mstn has been shown to result in increased post-natal muscle growth through enhanced satellite cell functionality; while elevated levels of Mstn result in dramatic skeletal muscle wasting through a mechanism involving reduced protein(More)
Myostatin, a secreted growth factor, is a key negative regulator of skeletal muscle growth. To identify modifiers of Myostatin function, we screened for Myostatin interacting proteins. Using a yeast two-hybrid screen, we identified Titin-cap (T-cap) protein as interacting with Myostatin. T-cap is a sarcomeric protein that binds to the N-terminal domain of(More)
Humoral and tumoral factors collectively promote cancer-induced skeletal muscle wasting by increasing protein degradation. Although several humoral proteins, namely TNFα (tumour necrosis factor α) and IL (interleukin)-6, have been shown to induce skeletal muscle wasting, there is a lack of information regarding the tumoral factors that contribute to the(More)
  • Sandhya Sriram, Subha Subramanian, Durga Sathiakumar, Rithika Venkatesh, Monica S. Salerno, Craig D. McFarlane +2 others
  • 2011
Abnormal levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and inflammatory cytokines have been observed in the skeletal muscle during muscle wasting including sarcopenia. However, the mechanisms that signal ROS production and prolonged maintenance of ROS levels during muscle wasting are not fully understood. Here, we show that myostatin (Mstn) is a pro-oxidant and(More)
Skeletal muscle is a dynamic tissue with remarkable plasticity. Skeletal muscle growth and regeneration are highly organized processes thus it is not surprising that a high degree of complexity exists in the regulation of these processes. Recent discovery of non-coding microRNAs (miRNAs) has prompted extensive research in understanding the roles of these(More)
Myostatin is a negative regulator of muscle growth, and absence of the functional myostatin protein leads to the heavy muscle phenotype in both mouse and cattle. Although the role of myostatin in controlling muscle mass is established, little is known of the mechanisms regulating the expression of the myostatin gene. In this study, we have characterized the(More)
Cochlear implant (CI) trends are changing as more recipients are receiving bilateral implantation. Also more pre-lingually deafened adults are choosing to be implanted. Clinical assessment after cochlear implantation is usually based on speech perception tests. Such tests, however, may not be a realistic outcome measure for some of these cases, creating a(More)
FM systems have been used to compensate for poor signal-to-noise ratios in classrooms. This study evaluates benefits of a 6-week trial of personal FM systems used during the school day for children with reading delay aged 6-11 years, using a randomized control design. Teachers and children completed the LIFE-UK questionnaire. Test-retest reliability of the(More)