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The functional role of the large intracellular regions (which include the cyclic nucleotide binding domain, cNBD, and the Per-Arnt-Sim domain, PAS) in the herg channel is not well understood. We have studied possible interactions of the cNBD with other parts of the channel protein using lysine mutations to disrupt such interactions. Some lysine mutations(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene lead to early-onset Alzheimer's disease with the S170F mutation causing the earliest reported age of onset. Expression of this, and other PS1 mutations, in SH-SY5Y cells resulted in significant loss of cellular viability compared to control cells. Basal Ca2+ concentrations in PS1 mutants were never lower than(More)
Tumor cell survival and proliferation is attributable in part to suppression of apoptotic pathways, yet the mechanisms by which cancer cells resist apoptosis are not fully understood. Many cancer cells constitutively express heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which catabolizes heme to generate biliverdin, Fe(2+), and carbon monoxide (CO). These breakdown products may(More)
AIMS In the heart, β1-adrenergic signaling involves cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) acting via both protein kinase-A (PKA) and exchange protein directly activated by cAMP (Epac): a guanine nucleotide exchange factor for the small GTPase Rap1. Inhibition of Epac-Rap1 signaling has been proposed as a therapeutic strategy for both cancer and(More)
Mutations to hERG which result in changes to the rapid delayed rectifier current I(Kr) can cause long and short QT syndromes and are associated with an increased risk of cardiac arrhythmias. Experimental recordings of I(Kr) reveal the effects of mutations at the channel level, but how these changes translate to the cell and tissue levels remains unclear. We(More)
Computational models of human atrial cells, tissues and atria have been developed. Cell models, for atrial wall, crista terminalis, appendage, Bachmann's bundle and pectinate myocytes are characterised by action potentials, ionic currents and action potential duration (APD) restitution. The principal effect of the ion channel remodelling of persistent(More)
Induction of the antioxidant enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) affords cellular protection and suppresses proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) associated with a variety of pathological cardiovascular conditions including myocardial infarction and vascular injury. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. Over-expression of(More)
Our demonstration of a 19kDa anti-Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) ribonuclease (RNase) in urine from a non-pregnant female may provide at least part of the explanation for the low incidence of KS in human females. N-terminal sequence analysis and isoelectric focusing of the purified RNase, coupled with the very low levels of anti-KS activity noted for recombinant(More)
Hypoxic/ischemic episodes can trigger oxidative stress-mediated loss of central neurons via apoptosis, and low pO2 is also a feature of the tumor microenvironment, where cancer cells are particularly resistant to apoptosis. In the CNS, ischemic insult increases expression of the CO-generating enzyme heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), which is commonly constitutively(More)