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Monoamine oxidase inhibitors were among the first antidepressants to be discovered and have long been used as such. It now seems that many of these agents might have therapeutic value in several common neurodegenerative conditions, independently of their inhibition of monoamine oxidase activity. However, many claims and some counter-claims have been made(More)
The regional distributions of iron, copper, zinc, magnesium, and calcium in parkinsonian brains were compared with those of matched controls. In mild Parkinson's disease (PD), there were no significant differences in the content of total iron between the two groups, whereas there was a significant increase in total iron and iron (III) in substantia nigra of(More)
The antiapoptotic and neuroprotective activity of irreversible monoamine oxidase (MAO) B inhibitor, rasagiline [R(+)-N-propargyl-1-aminioindan], its S-isomer (TVP1022) and TV 3219, a novel anti-Alzheimer cholinesterase-MAO inhibitor drug derived from rasagiline were examined in PC12 cells cultures and in vivo. We found that these drugs have potent(More)
An animal model of nutritional iron deficiency (ID) is described that demonstrates a reduction of brain nonheme iron. The most prominent feature of ID is the significant and selective diminution of central dopamine neurotransmission resulting from the decreased number of dopamine D2 receptors in the caudate nucleus, nucleus accumbens, pituitary, and in all(More)
The neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) has been shown to induce parkinsonism in man and non-human primates. Monoamine-oxidase B (MAO-B) has been reported to be implicated in both MPTP-induced parkinsonism and Parkinson's disease, since selegiline (L-deprenyl), an irreversible MAO-B inhibitor, prevents MPTP-induced neurotoxicity(More)
Significant differences in the content of iron (III) and total iron were found in post mortem substantia nigra of Parkinson's disease. There was an increase of 176% in the levels of total iron and 255% of iron (III) in the substantia nigra of the parkinsonian patients compared to age matched controls. In the cortex (Brodmann area 21), hippocampus, putamen,(More)
The catecholaminergic neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) has recently been found to be formed endogenously in patients suffering from Parkinson's disease. In this article, we highlight the latest findings on the biochemical mechanism of 6-OHDA toxicity. 6-OHDA has two ways of action: it easily forms free radicals and it is a potent inhibitor of the(More)
1. Rasagiline [N-propargyl-1R(+)-aminoindan], was examined for its monoamine oxidase (MAO) A and B inhibitor activities in rats together with its S(-)-enantiomer (TVP 1022) and the racemic compound (AGN-1135) and compared to selegiline (1-deprenyl). The tissues that were studied for MAO inhibition were the brain, liver and small intestine. 2. While(More)
An endogenous dopaminergic neurotoxin, N-methyl(R)salsolinol, was found to induce apoptosis in human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cells by step-wise activation of apoptotic cascade; collapse in mitochondrial membrane potential, DeltaPsim, activation of caspases, and fragmentation of DNA. Recently, accumulation of gylceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) in(More)
Razor sharp and high iron deposits are present in the substantia nigra (SN). Although the function of such high iron content is not known, the homeostasis of brain iron is important for normal brain function. The participation of free tissue iron in oxidative stress (OS), resulting in the formation of cytotoxic hydroxyl radical (.OH) from H2O2 (Fenton(More)