Mounica Chandrasekhar

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An outbreak of acute diarrhoea occurred in the Belgundi area (population 3896) of Belgaum Taluka (population 815 581) in Karnataka, South India, in June 2010. An estimated 16.22 % of people were affected and 0.16 % deaths were reported. Vibrio cholerae O1 El Tor was isolated from 18 of the 147 stool samples cultured. Seven out of eight drinking water(More)
Oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) continues to be a common opportunistic infection in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and is predictive of increasing immunosuppression. Though Candida albicans remains the predominant isolate, a rise in the frequency of isolation of non-albicans Candida (NAC) species is being observed. The levels of(More)
CONTEXT Candida dubliniensis, an opportunistic yeast that has been implicated in oropharyngeal candidiasis (OPC) in patients infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) may be under-reported due to its similarity with Candida albicans. Resistance to Fluconazole is often seen in C. dubliniensis isolates from clinical specimens. AIMS To know the(More)
During the cholera epidemic of 2002 in and around Hubli, south India, Vibrio cholerae strains resistant to fluoroquinolones were isolated. Among the isolates of V. cholerae non-O1, non-O139 serogroups, 55.9% and 47.1% were resistant to norfloxacin and ciprofloxacin, respectively. However, only 12.5% of the O1 serogroup strains were resistant to both(More)
In this study of fecal samples from 1000 children below 6 years of age, 680 (68.0%) detected to have intestinal helminthic infection. The incidence of intestinal helminthiasis in urban group of children was 56.8% (284 out of 500 tested) while in rural group of children was 79.2% (396 out of 500 tested). Both in rural and urban population Ascaris(More)
There are increasing numbers of reports of community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus being resistant to methicillin. The present study was undertaken as no such reports are available for the developing nations. In a prospective study, between June to December 2001, at the Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences, Hubli, Karnataka, India, methicillin-resistant(More)
The serogroups and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns of V. cholerae isolated in Hubli, India during the years 2000 to 2004 were monitored. A total of 256 V. cholerae isolates were obtained during the study period, of which 129 (50.4%) belonged to serogroup O1 while the O139 and non-O1, non-O139 serogroups constituted 61 (23.8%) and 66 (25.8%) isolates,(More)
BACKGROUND Resistance to broad-spectrum β lactams, mediated by extended-spectrum β lactamases (ESBLs), is an increasing problem world wide. This resistance poses problems for in vitro testing and reporting. Increased prevalence of ESBLs among Enterobacteriaceae creates a great need for laboratory testing methods that will accurately identify their presence.(More)
The drug susceptibility pattern of klebsiella species and Escherichia coli to cephalosporins was examined in the year 2004 and 2005. A total of 180 klebsiella and 220 E coli in 2004 and 95 klebsiella and 210. E coli in the year 2005, isolated from various clinical specimens were studied. Resistance rates among the klebsiella species, ranged from(More)
OBJECTIVE As infections due to Extended Spectrun beta Lactamase (ESbetaL) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae were increasing in the NICU at Karnataka Institute of Medical Sciences Hospital, Hubli, India, the present study was carried out to identify any environmental sources and the mode of transmission. METHODS Environmental samples from various sites were(More)