Mounia S. Klouche

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The mechanisms underlying the selective accumulation of macrophages in early atherosclerotic lesions are poorly understood but are likely to be related to specific properties of altered low density lipoprotein (LDL) deposited in the subendothelium. Enzymatic, nonoxidative degradation of LDL converts the lipoprotein to a potentially atherogenic moiety,(More)
Complement activation occurs in temporal correlation with the subendothelial deposition of LDL during early atherogenesis, and complement also plays a pathogenetic role in promoting lesion progression. Two lesion components have been identified that may be responsible for complement activation. First, enzymatic degradation of LDL generates a derivative that(More)
BACKGROUND Enzymatic, nonoxidative modification transforms LDL to an atherogenic molecule (E-LDL) that activates complement and macrophages and is present in early atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS We report on the atherogenic effects of E-LDL on human vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC). E-LDL accumulated in these cells, and this was(More)
This study describes a novel path to the activation of smooth muscle cells (SMC) by the IL-6/soluble IL-6 receptor (sIL-6R) system. Human vascular SMC constitutively express only scant amounts of IL-6R and so do not respond to stimulation with this cytokine. We show that SMC also do not constitutively express appreciable levels of gp130, which would render(More)
Circulating monocytes and T lymphocytes extravasate through the endothelium at sites of developing atheromatous lesions, where they tend to accumulate and mediate the progression of the disease. We have previously demonstrated the presence of an enzymatically degraded, nonoxidized form of LDL (E-LDL) in early human fatty streaks, which possesses major(More)
The genome of human herpes virus 8, which is associated with Kaposi's sarcoma, encodes proteins with similarities to cytokines and chemokines including a homologue of IL-6. Although the function of these viral proteins is unclear, they might have the potential to modulate the immune system. For viral IL-6 (vIL-6), it has been demonstrated that it stimulates(More)
Treatment of low density lipoprotein (LDL) with degrading enzymes transforms the molecule to a moiety that is micromorphologically indistinguishable from lipoproteinaceous particles that are present in atherosclerotic plaques, and enzymatically modified LDL (E-LDL), but not oxidized LDL (ox-LDL), spontaneously activates the alternative complement pathway,(More)
Bivalve molluscs such as Perna perna display temporal cycles of reproduction that result from the complex interplay between endogenous and exogenous signals. The monoamines serotonin, dopamine and noradrenaline represent possible endocrine and neuronal links between these signals allowing the molluscs to modulate reproductive functions in conjunction with(More)
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