Moubarak Mouiseddine

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Patients who undergo pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy may develop acute and/or chronic side effects resulting from gastrointestinal tract (GIT) alterations. In this study, we address the question of the regenerative capability of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) after radiation-induced GIT injury. We also propose cellular targets of MSC therapy. We report that(More)
The therapeutic potential of bone marrow-derived human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) has recently been brought into the spotlights of many fields of research. One possible application of the approach is the repair of tissue injuries related to side effects of radiotherapy. The first challenge in cell therapy is to assess the quality of the cell and the(More)
It has been suggested that human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) could be used to repair numerous injured tissues. We have studied the potential use of hMSC to limit radiation-induced skin lesions. Immunodeficient NOD/SCID mice were locally irradiated to the leg (30 Gy, dose rate 2.7 Gy/min) using a 60Co source to induce a severe skin lesion. Cultured bone(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown to migrate to various tissues. There is little information on the fate and potential therapeutic efficacy of the reinfusion of MSCs following total body irradiation (TBI). We addressed this question using human MSC (hMSCs) infused to nonobese diabetic/ severe combined immunodeficient (NOD/SCID) mice submitted to(More)
Patients who undergo pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy may develop side effects that can be life threatening. Tissue complications caused by radiation-induced stem cell depletion may result in structural and functional alterations of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Stem cell therapy using mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) is a promising approach for(More)
Background: Targeted gene transfection remains a crucial issue to permit the real development of genetic therapy. As such, in vivo targeted transfection of specific subsets of hematopoietic stem cells might help to sustain hematopoietic recovery from bone marrow aplasia by providing local production of growth factors. Methods: Balb/C mice were injected(More)
PURPOSE To define the ability of human bone marrow (BM) stromal cells to produce fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (Flt3)-ligand (FL), and the effect of irradiation, tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFalpha) or tumour growth factor beta (TGFbeta) on FL production. MATERIAL AND METHODS Primary BM stromal cell cultures were irradiated at 2-10 Gy or were stimulated(More)
To evaluate the potential therapeutic effect of the infusion of hMSCs for the correction of liver injuries, we performed total body radiation exposure of NOD/SCID mice. After irradiation, mir-27b level decreases in liver, increasing the directional migration of hMSCs by upregulating SDF1 α . A significant increase in plasmatic transaminases levels,(More)
The aim of this work was to characterize multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) in the postnatal human thymus and to localize these MSCs in the organ. Adherent cells isolated from thymus samples were characterized by cell-surface antigen expression. This showed that adherent cells have a MSC profile as assessed by the expression of CD73 and CD105(More)
This work was initiated in an effort to evaluate the potential therapeutic contribution of the infusion of mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) for the correction of liver injuries. We subjected NOD-SCID mice to a 10.5-Gy abdominal irradiation and we tested the biological and histological markers of liver injury in the absence and after infusion of expanded human(More)