Motoyuki Katayama

Learn More
Patients with focal dystonia take advantage of certain cutaneous or proprioceptive sensory inputs to alleviate their symptoms ("sensory trick"). We examined the effects of increasing muscle spindle activity by the tonic vibration reflex maneuver and decreasing it by intramuscular injection of lidocaine. The vibration was applied to the palm or the tendon of(More)
PURPOSE Our goal was to test the hypothesis, as previously reported in other studies, that apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) provide specific information to diagnose ovarian tumors, especially to discriminate between benign and malignant lesions. METHOD T1-and T2-weighted spin echo imaging and diffusion-weighted echo planar imaging were performed in(More)
We have studied the cerebral activity for the depth perception of the Necker cube by functional magnetic resonance imaging. Three types of line drawing figures were used as stimuli, the Necker cube, hidden line elimination cube and overlapping squares. Subjects were instructed to perceive both orientations of the depth of the Necker cube. They were(More)
Distribution and development of growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-R) mRNA expression in rat brain and pituitary gland were examined using ribonuclease protection assay. In adult male rats, GHS-R mRNA levels were highest in the pituitary gland, whereas those in the hypothalamus and hippocampus were 57 and 30% of those in the pituitary gland,(More)
Galectin-3, a multifunctional beta-galactoside-binding lectin, is known to participate in development, oncogenesis, cell-to-cell attachment, and inflammation. We studied to determine whether galectin-3 is associated with cell injury and regeneration in two types of acute renal failure (ARF), namely ischemic and toxic ARF. In ischemia/reperfusion renal(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the physiological abnormality in writer's cramp, a focal dystonia which specifically affects writing. METHODS We recorded brain potentials that precede hand and neck movements (contingent negative variation or CNV) in 11 patients and 11 age-matched normal subjects. A 1000 Hz tone burst (S1) was delivered to the right or left ear(More)
Lymphocytic hypophysitis is one of the causes of hypopituitarism in the postpartum period. Some of these patients have been reported to have other organ-specific autoimmune diseases, and the disease is considered to be autoimmune in nature. The authors describe a unique case of lymphocytic hypophysitis in a young woman. She had hemianopia that developed(More)
P-selectin is an integral membrane glycoprotein stored in the secretory granules of platelets and endothelial cells. To determine whether soluble P-selectin may be present in the circulation of healthy humans, we used a sandwich immunoassay to assess citrated plasma from 50 subjects. P-selectin was present in concentrations ranging from 19 to 521 ng/ml(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important molecular messenger accounting for endothelium-derived relaxing factor. Recently, NO synthase (NOS) from cultured endothelial cells has been purified and molecularly cloned. To evaluate the effect of phosphorylation by protein kinase C (PKC) and cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) on endothelial constitutive NOS(More)