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In the developing brain, the organization of the neuroepithelium is maintained by a critical balance between proliferation and cell-cell adhesion of neural progenitor cells. The molecular mechanisms that underlie this are still largely unknown. Here, through analysis of a conditional knockout mouse for the Kap3 gene, we show that post-Golgi transport of(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase (Cdk) 5 is a unique member of the Cdk family, because Cdk5 kinase activity is detected only in the nervous tissue. Two neuron-specific activating subunits of Cdk5, p35 and p39, have been identified. Overlapping expression pattern of these isoforms in the embryonic mouse brain and the significant residual Cdk5 kinase activity in brain(More)
The mammalian cerebral cortex consists of six layers that are generated via coordinated neuronal migration during the embryonic period. Recent studies identified specific phases of radial migration of cortical neurons. After the final division, neurons transform from a multipolar to a bipolar shape within the subventricular zone-intermediate zone (SVZ-IZ)(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple system atrophy (MSA) has been considered a sporadic disease, without patterns of inheritance. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features of 4 multiplex families with MSA, including clinical genetic aspects. DESIGN Clinical and genetic study. SETTING Four departments of neurology in Japan. Patients Eight patients in 4 families with(More)
Gene targeting to disrupt gene expression in a temporal and spatial manner in a specific tissue using Cre recombinase-mediated gene inactivation has been proven to be useful to study in vivo gene function. To delete genes specifically in neurons during the late phase of brain development, we have generated transgenic mouse lines that express Cre recombinase(More)
We examined the integrin expression in 19 human lung cancer cell lines with monoclonal antibodies to the integrin subunits alpha 1, alpha 2, alpha 3, alpha 4, alpha 5, alpha 6, beta 1, beta 2, and beta 4. We measured their ability to adhere to the extracellular matrix (ECM) and human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Almost all lines expressed the(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is essential for the proper development of the CNS, as is evident from the perinatal lethality of conventional Cdk5 knockout (Cdk5-/-) mice. Cdk5 is also implicated in numerous complex functions of the adult CNS such as synaptic transmission, synaptic plasticity, and neuronal signaling. To elucidate the molecular roles of(More)
Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is a serine/threonine kinase, and its kinase activity is dependent upon its association with either of the activating subunits p35 or p39, which are mainly expressed in neurons. We previously reported that Cdk5 knockout (KO) mice exhibit perinatal lethality, defective neuronal migration, and abnormal positioning of neurons(More)
Neuronal migration disorders are often identified in patients with epilepsy refractory to medical treatment. The prolonged or repeated seizures are known to cause neuronal death; however, the mechanism underlying seizure-induced neuronal death remains to be elucidated. An essential role of cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) in brain development has been(More)
An antibody was prepared against a peptide corresponding to residues 1024-1034 (the putative C-terminus) of the alpha-subunit of hog gastric H+,K(+)-ATPase. The antibody bound to a 95 kDa band of H+,K(+)-ATPase that was solubilized in SDS, but not to that of Na+,K(+)-ATPase. It also bound to products of tryptic digestion that included C-terminal fragments(More)