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To elucidate the cellular mechanism by which angiotensin II (ANG II) induces cardiac hypertrophy, we investigated the possible autocrine/paracrine role of endogenous endothelin-1 (ET-1) in ANG II-induced hypertrophy of neonatal rat cardiomyocytes by use of synthetic ET-1 receptor antagonist and antisense oligonucleotides to preproET-1 (ppET-1) mRNA.(More)
To determine whether endothelin-1 (ET-1) induces hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes, the effects of ET-1 on the expression of muscle-specific genes and a proto-oncogene, c-fos, in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were examined by Northern blot analysis. ET-1 (10(-7) M) induced about twofold to fourfold increases in the gene expression of myosin light chain(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is commonly observed in acromegalic patients, in whom serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels are elevated. In the present study, we examined whether IGF-I induces hypertrophy in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes through its specific receptor and whether IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), which is a major(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired myocardial contractility in septic shock is protracting, which may be caused by cytokine-induced nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in the heart. However, the cellular mechanism by which cytokines induce nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in cardiocytes remains obscure. METHODS AND RESULTS We studied the effect of human recombinant interleukin-1(More)
Our objective was to describe cases of hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state (HHS) in advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and discuss its pathophysiology. Five ventilator-dependent patients with ALS, with no previous history of diabetes, showed development of marked hyperglycemia (plasma glucose levels of 755-1544 mg/dl) after preceding(More)
Endothelin-1 (ET-1), a 21-amino acid vasoconstrictive peptide, increases intracellular Ca2+ level and has hypertrophic action on ventricular myocytes. To elucidate a possible role of Ca2+ entry through sarcolemmal Ca2+ channels on this ET-1 action, we examined effects of ET-1 on L-type (ICa,L) and T-type (ICa,T) Ca2+ currents in cultured neonatal rat(More)
An 81-year-old woman presented with frequent episodes of hypoglycemia. Her serum level of insulin was normal, but her serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-II level was high. She was found to have a spindle cell sarcoma originated from the mesentery of the sigmoid colon, which was completely resected. Postoperatively, hypoglycemia ameliorated with(More)
To determine whether adrenomedullin (AM), a novel 51-residue vasodilator peptide originally isolated from human pheochromocytoma, is expressed by the heart, and whether the expression of cardiac AM gene is regulated by glucocorticoids, the effect of dexamethasone (DEX) on the expression of protein and mRNA of AM and atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) was(More)
The effect of angiotensin (ANG) II on the expression of endothelin (ET) receptor subtype (ETA, ETB) mRNA in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes was studied. ANG II (10(-7) M) increased steady-state mRNA levels of ETB receptor, but not ETA receptor, during 6-12 hr incubation, whose effect was dose-dependent (10(-9)-10(-7) M). ANG II receptor type-1 (AT1)(More)