Motoshi Tajima

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The aim of this study was to find whether an antigenic drift had occurred in Lower Saxony in the past 40 years. For this, the genetic diversity of bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) isolates mainly from Lower Saxony was estimated by RT-PCR and sequencing of a 420 bp fragment of the E2 glycoprotein gene. Sixty-one field virus isolates collected during(More)
Reg (regenerating gene) was isolated as a gene specifically expressed in regenerating islets (Terazono, K., Yamamoto, H., Takasawa, S., Shiga, K., Yonemura, Y., Tochino, Y., and Okamoto, H. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 2111-2114). Rat and human Reg gene products, Reg/REG proteins, have been demonstrated to stimulate islet beta-cell growth in vitro and in vivo(More)
The Babesia gibsoni heat shock protein 70 gene (BGHsp70) was cloned by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and sequenced. The length of the gene was 1938 bp and the predicted polypeptide was 646 amino acids long with a calculated molecular weight of 70,627. The amino acid sequences of BGHsp70 from 17 isolates were identical, though there were six types of(More)
Highly virulent infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) was isolated from field cases, and the pathogenicity of the isolates was examined in specific-pathogen-free chickens. Chickens inoculated with the isolates developed severe clinical disease with a high mortality rate. Histopathologically, infectious bursal disease was characterized by bursal and thymic(More)
The neurological and neuroradiological manifestations of pediatric achondroplasia are analyzed on the basis of 10 cases. In addition to the classical symptomatology of an enlarging head, with or without increased intracranial pressure, several patients presented symptoms related to a small foramen magnum. Respiratory problems and quadriparesis were also(More)
An emerging swine disease principally involving periweaning piglets was examined. The disease was clinically characterized by lethargy, fever, emaciation, coughing, and severe abdominal breathing, hence colloquially named "Heko-heko" disease. The consistent lesions in affected piglets were diffuse interstitial pneumonia with pronounced type II pneumocytic(More)
We examined the phylogenetical correlation between two types of JC virus (JCV) isolates, archetypes derived from the urine of nonimmunocompromised individuals and PML-types derived from the brain of patients with progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) in Japan. A phylogenetic tree was constructed for eight JCV isolates, five PML-types obtained in(More)
Signaling pathway components mediating Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation by 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) were characterized in terms of induction and modification of specific transacting factors. The consequences of protein kinase C (PKC) activation by TPA in inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression were analyzed(More)
Changes in the activities of serum cytokines and in acute phase response were observed in dairy cows with naturally occurring coliform mastitis. Seven cows with severe mastitis showed systemic and mammary inflammatory response throughout the observation period, and 11 cows with mild mastitis recovered and were able to be milked within 3 days of onset of(More)
Farnesyl diphosphate synthases have been shown to possess seven highly conserved regions (I-VII) in their amino acid sequences [Koyama et al. (1993) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 113, 355-363]. Site-directed mutants of farnesyl diphosphate synthase from Bacillus stearothermophilus were made to evaluate the roles of the conserved aspartic acids in region VI and(More)