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BACKGROUND The presence of apoptotic myocytes has been reported in human hearts with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) on the basis of a positive finding of DNA in situ nick end-labeling (TUNEL). However, ultrastructural evidence of myocyte apoptosis has not been obtained. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 80 endomyocardial biopsies were obtained from right and(More)
The purposes of the present study were to define precisely the ultrastructural features of apoptosis in cultured cardiomyocytes and to determine whether DNA fragmentation is essential for the apoptotic morphology. When cultured neonatal murine cardiomyocytes were incubated with an agonistic anti-Fas antibody in the presence of a non-toxic amount of(More)
Arachnoid cysts very rarely occur within the ventricular system, where no arachnoid tissue exists. We present three cases of intraventricular arachnoid cyst with special reference to its origin. The first patient was a 5-year-old boy who complained of headaches and enlargement of his head. A CT scan revealed obstructive hydrocephalus and a large cystic(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) progresses from the acute death of myocytes and the infiltration of inflammatory cells into granulation, followed by scars. During the healing process, the myocardial interstitial cell population in the infarcted tissues increases markedly and then decreases. We postulated that apoptosis is responsible for this process.(More)
It has been suggested that apoptosis may be responsible for a significant amount of the cardiomyocyte death that contributes to the development and progression of heart failure. However, studies of actual heart disease and in vivo experimental models have provided little or no direct morphological evidence that cardiomyocyte apoptosis occurs at any stage of(More)
In the present study, we investigated whether gallic acid (GA) can induce death in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), and whether production of the hydroxyl radical (·OH) is involved in the process of GA action. GA killed cultured VSMCs from rat aorta, in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Cytoplasmic shrinkage and nuclear condensation were(More)
The significance of DNA breaks reported in failing hearts is controversial, although they may suggest myocyte apoptosis and may thus be responsible for the progression of heart failure. This study attempted to check the validity of the in situ markers for DNA breaks for detecting myocyte death and to evaluate separately two factors, failure or hypertrophy,(More)
BACKGROUND Granulation tissue cells at the subacute stage of myocardial infarction (MI) are eliminated by apoptosis to finally make a scar at the chronic stage. We hypothesized that postinfarct inhibition of apoptosis might preserve myofibroblasts and endothelial cells in granulation and modulate chronic left ventricular (LV) remodeling and heart failure.(More)
Two cell types, macrophages and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), play important roles in the development of atherosclerotic lesions. Both contribute to the formation of the lesions not only by their presence but also by taking in or releasing extracellular substrates during life and at death. The present study aimed to elucidate their turnover, focusing on the(More)
A 47-year-old woman with heterozygous Fabry's disease with pre-excitation syndrome has been followed up for 15 years. Diagnosis was confirmed by the typical electron microscopic feature of the endomyocardial specimen and a decreased plasma alpha-galactosidase activity. As the disease progressed, the interventricular septum thickened from 11 to 17 mm as(More)