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Although significant progress has recently been made in culturing mammalian urothelial cells, relatively little is known about their biochemical differentiation. In this paper, we assessed the differentiation state of cultured bovine urothelial cells by analyzing their keratins and a cell surface marker, uroplakin I. Urothelial cells were serially cultured(More)
The differentiation of mammalian urothelium culminates in the formation of asymmetrical unit membrane (AUM). Using gradient centrifugation and detergent wash, we purified milligram quantities of AUMs which, interestingly, contained three major proteins (15, 27, and 47 kDa) that appeared to be identical to the three immunoaffinity purified, putatively(More)
The dorsal surfaces of mammalian tongues are covered with numerous projections known as filiform papillae whose morphology varies in different species. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies to keratins as probes, we have established that, in both human and mouse, the interpapillary epithelia express mainly the "esophageal-type" keratins, while the(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene mutated in many human cancers. We used the Cre-loxP system to generate a keratinocyte-specific null mutation of Pten in mice (k5Pten(flox/flox) mice). k5Pten(flox/flox) mice exhibit wrinkled skin because of epidermal hyperplasia and hyperkeratosis and ruffled, shaggy, and curly hair. Histological examination revealed that(More)
  • Tae Inoue-Narita, Koichi Hamada, +15 authors Akira Suzuki
  • 2008
Phosphate and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN) is a tumor suppressor gene inactivated in numerous sporadic cancers, including melanomas. To analyze Pten functions in melanocytes, we used the Cre-loxP system to delete Pten specifically in murine pigment-producing cells and generated DctCrePten(flox/flox) mice. Half of DctCrePten(flox/flox)(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) acts through its cognate receptor tyrosine kinase-B (TrkB) to regulate diverse physiological functions in reproductive and other tissues. In normal and malignant trophoblastic cells, the BDNF/TrkB signaling promotes cell growth. Due to the highly malignant nature of choriocarcinoma, we investigated possible(More)
Keratinocytes of the upper granular layers contain unique round-to-oval granules, 100-500 nm in diameter, in their peripheral cytoplasm. These granules (known as membrane coating granules [MCG], or lamellar granules) fuse with the apical cell surface of uppermost granular cells and discharge their contents into the intercellular space, where they are(More)
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