Motomichi Sakata

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Recent advanced techniques for the reconstruction of three-dimensional (3D) images allow further visual recognition of the fine structures of the temporal bone. We demonstrate the advantages of reconstruction 3D imaging in helical CT scans of the normal temporal bone and in patients who have received cochlear implants. After the temporal bone was scanned in(More)
Electrodes are surgically implanted into the subthalamic nucleus (STN) of Parkinson's disease patients to provide deep brain stimulation. For ensuring correct positioning, the anatomic location of the STN must be determined preoperatively. Magnetic resonance imaging has been used for pinpointing the location of the STN. To identify the optimal imaging(More)
Muscle proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been developed for non-invasive measurement of intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) levels. The majority of previous studies measuring IMCL with MRS have been performed on the calf muscle. The appearance of muscle MRS is influenced by bulk magnetic susceptibility and residual dipolar couplings, which depend(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the suitability of Tuned Aperture Computed Tomography (TACT) to generate high-resolution images of intracochlear electrode arrays, in situ, with sufficient anatomic and electrode detail to relate the location of individual electrode contacts to important anatomic landmarks in cat cadaveric temporal bones. The ultimate objective is to(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the effect of the number of two-dimensional (2D) images and x-ray projection angles on the resolution of reconstructed three-dimensional (3D) volumes of intracochlear electrode arrays in cadaveric cat temporal bones using Tuned Aperture Computed Tomography (TACT). DESIGN Multiple 2D radiographs (basis images (BI)) of implanted(More)
The aim of our study was to optimize the parameters of high-resolution MRI of the labyrinth with a 3D-FSE sequence. We investigated TR, TE, Matrix, FOV, and coil selection in terms of CNR (contrast-to-noise ratio) and SNR (signal-to-noise ratio) by comparing axial images and/or three-dimensional images. The optimal 3D-FSE sequence parameters were as(More)
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