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Double fluorochrome staining with chromomycin A3 (CMA) and 4'-6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) was used to characterize and compare the distribution of constitutive heterochromatin along chromosomes of Citrus, Poncirus and Fortunella species. Only CMA-positive bands were distinguishable in metaphase chromosomes. Preferential distribution of heterochromatin(More)
A cDNA (CitPAP) homologous to a gene encoding for Cucumis sativus carotenoid-associated protein (CHRC) has been isolated from satsuma mandarin (Citrus unshiu Marc.). Unlike ChrC whose expression was limited only in mature fruits (containing chromoplasts), CitPAP transcripts were detected in all the tissues examined including fruits, flowers and leaves. In(More)
OBJECTIVE In radiotherapy and chemotherapy tumor hypoxia is recognized as a major obstacle to effective treatment. We undertook a pilot study in patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer to determine whether there is a relationship between tumor uptake of (62)Cu-ATSM and response to chemoradiotherapy. METHODS Seventeen patients were studied(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Wide surgical excision is the standard treatment for angiosarcoma of the scalp, but many patients are inoperable. Therefore, we investigated the outcome of radiation therapy for angiosarcoma of the scalp. PATIENTS AND METHODS Seventeen patients with angiosarcoma of the scalp underwent radiation therapy with total scalp irradiation.(More)
Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), but not its metabolites (docosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid), stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production in endothelial cells in situ and induced endothelium-dependent relaxation of bovine coronary arteries precontracted with U46619. EPA induced a greater production of NO, but a much smaller and more transient elevation(More)
Two new acylated flavonol glycosides were isolated along with kaempferol 3-O-beta-rutinoside from 10-year-old callus cultures of Mexican lime. The structures of these new compounds are kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside-6"-(3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutarate) and kaempferol 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside-6"-(3-hydroxy-3-methyl glutarate)-7-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside.
PURPOSE To assess the relationship between large intracranial vessel occlusive vasculopathy (vasculopathy) and radiation therapy, and to clarify the clinical efficacy of magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the diagnosis and screening of the vasculopathy. METHODS AND MATERIALS We retrospectively evaluated the medical records and serial MR images for 32(More)
A cDNA clone encoding phytoene desaturase (PDS) was isolated from citrus (Citrus unshiu Marc.). The transcript of the isolated PDS (CitPDS1) was not detected by conventional RNA gel-blot analysis; instead, it was detected by a sensitive reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR). The CitPDS1 transcript in the juice sacs/segment epidermis (edible part) was at a low(More)
We investigated the suppressive effects of 16 coumarin-related compounds on both lipopolysaccharide (LPS)- and interferon (IFN)-gamma-induced nitric oxide (NO) generation in a mouse macrophage cell line, RAW 264.7. Notably, coumarins possessing prenyl unit(s) were found to be highly active, a tendency consistent with our previous study. Among the coumarins(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE CPT-11 (7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino] carbonyloxycamptothecin) is anew semisynthesized derivative of camptothecin. SN-38 (7-ethyl-10-hydroxycamptothecin), a metabolite of CPT-11, plays a key role in the action of CPT-11. MATERIALS AND METHODS To determine whether SN-38 potentiates the cytotoxic effect of radiation, we(More)