Motoko Kawaguchi-Niida

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Emerging evidence suggests the involvement of programmed cell death and inflammation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To assess molecular pathological effects of the anti-inflammatory peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonist pioglitazone in ALS, we verified changes in the population of neurons, astrocytes, and microglia in(More)
Several studies have documented the involvement of oxidative stress represented by lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). To test whether the highly reactive carbonyl crotonaldehyde (CRA), generated during lipid peroxidation, is involved in AD, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis in AD and age-matched control hippocampi(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence suggests that innate immunity and increased oxidative stress contribute to pathomechanisms in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of the present study was to verify the involvement of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and its specific CC chemokine receptor 2 (CCR2) in the disease progression of ALS. We here(More)
PURPOSE The present study was aimed at defining developmental roles of Smad4, a key mediator of the TGF-β superfamily signaling system, in the embryonic mouse retina. METHODS Using a Cre/loxP-mediated conditional gene targeting approach, Smad4 gene function was deleted from the embryonic mouse retina. Mutant phenotypes were morphologically and molecularly(More)
Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy accompanies central nervous system and ocular lesions. Morphological findings suggest that major central nervous system lesions, such as cortical dysplasia, are caused by the abnormal glia limitans due to an impairment of astrocytes. Increase of corpora amylacea and neurofibrillary tangles suggests acceleration of(More)
Signaling by the TGFβ super-family, consisting of TGFβ/activin- and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) branch pathways, is involved in the central nervous system patterning, growth, and differentiation during embryogenesis. Neural progenitor cells are implicated in various pathological conditions, such as brain injury, infarction, Parkinson's disease and(More)
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