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We cloned and characterized a novel Bombyx mori homologue (bm-dronc) of Drosophila melanogaster dronc (dm-dronc), which could encode a polypeptide of 438 amino acid residues. Bm-Dronc shares relatively low amino acid sequence identities of 25% and 26% with Dm-Dronc and Aedes aegypti Dronc (Aa-Dronc), respectively. Bm-Dronc has the sequence QACRG surrounding(More)
Innate immunity is essential for insects to survive infectious pathogens. In baculovirus-infected lepidopteran cells, apoptosis and global protein synthesis shutdown are major mechanisms of intracellular innate immunity that inhibit viral replication. In contrast, baculoviruses have evolved diverse genes and mechanisms to counter the antiviral immunity(More)
Ld652Y cells derived from the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, are permissive for productive infection with L. dispar multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV), but undergo apoptosis upon infection with various other NPVs, including those isolated from Bombyx mori, Hyphantria cunea, Spodoptera exigua, Orgyia pseudotsugata, and Spodoptera litura. In this study, we(More)
Despite close genetic relationship, Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) and Autographa californica multicapsid NPV (AcMNPV) display a distinct host range property. Here, BmNPV replication was examined in Sf9 and High Five cells that were nonproductive for BmNPV infection but supported high titers of AcMNPV replication. Recombinant BmNPV, vBm/gfp/lac,(More)
A newly cloned Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) from Kenya, HearNPV-NNg1, has a higher insecticidal activity than HearNPV-G4, which also exhibits lower insecticidal activity than HearNPV-C1. In the search for genes and/or nucleotide sequences that might be involved in the observed virulence differences among Helicoverpa spp. NPVs, the(More)
Baculoviruses encode inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs), which are classified into five groups, IAP1-5, based on their sequence homology. Most of the baculovirus IAPs with anti-apoptotic functions belong to the IAP3 group, with certain exceptions. The functional roles of IAPs from other groups during virus infection have not been well established. We have(More)
The accumulation of cellular proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the nucleus of Sf9 cells has been shown to increase upon infection with Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). Here, analysis by DNase I treatment and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that cellular PCNA in the nucleus of Sf9 cells bound AcMNPV DNA.(More)
Host range factor 1 (HRF-1) of Lymantria dispar multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus promotes Autographa californica MNPV replication in nonpermissive Ld652Y cells derived from L. dispar. Here we demonstrate that restricted Hyphantria cunea NPV replication in Ld652Y cells was not due to apoptosis but was likely due to global protein synthesis arrest that(More)
Ld652Y cells derived from the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, were infected with seven different nucleopolyhedroviruses (NPVs) including those from Autographa californica, Bombyx mori (BmNPV), Hyphantria cunea (HycuNPV), Spodoptera exigua (SeMNPV), L. dispar, Orgyia pseudotsugata (OpMNPV) and Spodoptera litura (SpltMNPV). The results showed that Ld652Y cells(More)
We have previously shown that budded viruses of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) enter the cell cytoplasm but do not migrate into the nuclei of non-permissive Sf9 cells that support a high titer of Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) multiplication. Here we show, using the syncytium formation assay, that low-pH-triggered(More)