Learn More
Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus (HycuNPV) infection protected SpIm cells from actinomycin D (ActD)-induced apoptosis as early as 4 h postinfection. Analysis by Southern hybridization revealed that the HycuNPV genome possessed three members of inhibitor of apoptosis genes (iaps) that were designated as hycu-iap1, hycu-iap2, and hycu-iap3 because of(More)
Innate immunity is essential for insects to survive infectious pathogens. In baculovirus-infected lepidopteran cells, apoptosis and global protein synthesis shutdown are major mechanisms of intracellular innate immunity that inhibit viral replication. In contrast, baculoviruses have evolved diverse genes and mechanisms to counter the antiviral immunity(More)
We cloned and characterized a novel Bombyx mori homologue (bm-dronc) of Drosophila melanogaster dronc (dm-dronc), which could encode a polypeptide of 438 amino acid residues. Bm-Dronc shares relatively low amino acid sequence identities of 25% and 26% with Dm-Dronc and Aedes aegypti Dronc (Aa-Dronc), respectively. Bm-Dronc has the sequence QACRG surrounding(More)
Ld652Y cells derived from the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, are permissive for productive infection with L. dispar multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV), but undergo apoptosis upon infection with various other NPVs, including those isolated from Bombyx mori, Hyphantria cunea, Spodoptera exigua, Orgyia pseudotsugata, and Spodoptera litura. In this study, we(More)
Despite close genetic relationship, Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) and Autographa californica multicapsid NPV (AcMNPV) display a distinct host range property. Here, BmNPV replication was examined in Sf9 and High Five cells that were nonproductive for BmNPV infection but supported high titers of AcMNPV replication. Recombinant BmNPV, vBm/gfp/lac,(More)
Baculoviruses encode inhibitors of apoptosis (IAPs), which are classified into five groups, IAP1-5, based on their sequence homology. Most of the baculovirus IAPs with anti-apoptotic functions belong to the IAP3 group, with certain exceptions. The functional roles of IAPs from other groups during virus infection have not been well established. We have(More)
Flow cytometry analysis of the cell-cycle progression was performed in Sf9 cells infected with Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcNPV) in the cultures partially synchronized by aphidicolin exposure and deprivation. Cells infected with AcNPV during the G1 phase progressed and were arrested in the S phase in the 4 h following the infection,(More)
A newly cloned Helicoverpa armigera nucleopolyhedrovirus (HearNPV) from Kenya, HearNPV-NNg1, has a higher insecticidal activity than HearNPV-G4, which also exhibits lower insecticidal activity than HearNPV-C1. In the search for genes and/or nucleotide sequences that might be involved in the observed virulence differences among Helicoverpa spp. NPVs, the(More)
The whole-genome sequence of the Hyphantria cunea nucleopolyhedrovirus (HycuNPV) was analysed. The entire nucleotide sequence of the HycuNPV genome was 132 959 bp long, with a G+C content of 45.1 mol%. A total of 148 open reading frames (ORFs) consisting of more than 50 aa were encoded by the genome. HycuNPV shares more than 122 ORFs with other lepidopteran(More)
The accumulation of cellular proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the nucleus of Sf9 cells has been shown to increase upon infection with Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV). Here, analysis by DNase I treatment and chromatin immunoprecipitation revealed that cellular PCNA in the nucleus of Sf9 cells bound AcMNPV DNA.(More)