Motoki Hara

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BACKGROUND Anisotropic conduction properties may provide a substrate for reentrant arrhythmias. We investigated the age-dependent changes of structural and functional anisotropy in isolated right atria from infant (1 to 2 months), young (6 to 12 months), and old (6 to 10 years) dogs. METHODS AND RESULTS The histology of the mapped atrial tissues (a small(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether I(Na) and I(CaL) are altered in function/density in right atrial (RA) cells from dogs with chronic atrial fibrillation (cAF dogs, episodes lasting at least 6 days) and whether the changes that occur differ from those in dogs with nonsustained or brief episodes of fibrillation (nAF dogs). METHODS Using whole cell voltage(More)
Calcium overload plays a key role in the development of atrial electrical remodeling. The effect of an L-type Ca channel blocker in preventing this remodeling has been reported to be short lasting, partly due to down-regulation of this channel and persisting Ca entry through the T-type Ca channel. To prove if efonidipine, a dual L- and T-type Ca channel(More)
BACKGROUND Calcium overload plays a major role in the development of electrical and mechanical remodeling during atrial fibrillation, but the potential of verapamil, a Ca blocker, for preventing atrial electrical remodeling remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS Pacing and recording electrodes were sutured to the right atrium in 16 dogs. After a 5-day(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the electrophysiologic effects of E4031 (a pure IKr blocker) and azimilide (AZ: a combined Ikr + IKs blocker) at various stages of atrial electrical remodeling. Twelve dogs underwent continuous rapid atrial pacing (400/min) for 14 days. The electrophysiologic study was performed on the day before as well as after 2, 7,(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolic syndrome (MetS), which includes a cluster of risk factors, is being increasingly recognized as a new risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Heart rate turbulence (HRT) is a Holter-based non-invasive method for detecting cardiac autonomic imbalance and is an independent, powerful predictor of cardiac arrhythmias and sudden cardiac death(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated serial changes of electrical and mechanical parameters of atrial remodeling in dogs subjected to rapid atrial pacing. BACKGROUND Prolonged rapid atrial excitation causes electrical and mechanical remodeling, which contributes to persistence of atrial fibrillation and clot formation. However, the temporal relationship between these(More)
BACKGROUND Intravenous verapamil has been reported to prevent electrical remodeling induced by rapid atrial excitation of several minutes to several hours. However, the clinical efficacy of verapamil when taken orally and daily remains controversial. PURPOSE We attempted to demonstrate our hypothesis that if verapamil prevents calcium (Ca) overload, its(More)
OBJECTIVE The difference of the conduction velocity (CV) around the tricuspid valve annulus between the counter-clockwise (CCW) atrial flutter and the clockwise (CW) atrial flutter has not been well clarified. This study was undertaken to evaluate the CV and the conducting area (CA) per millisecond around the tricuspid valve annulus using the(More)
Prolonged rapid atrial excitation gives rise to atrial electrical remodeling, which perpetuates atrial fibrillation (AF). However, there has been controversy regarding the nature of temporal changes in conduction characteristics during the development and recovery of electrical remodeling. This study was designed to clarify the nature of the development and(More)