Motohiro Yukitake

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Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and in situ hybridization, we investigated the HTLV-I genome in the CNS of an HTLV-I-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) patient with a 20-year disease duration. Neuropathologically, there was severe white matter degeneration throughout the spinal cord, but lymphocytic infiltrates were not(More)
Recent evidence has suggested that molecular chaperones participate in the conformational change between the normal cellular prion protein (PrPC) and its scrapie isoform (PrPSc). To study a role of PrPC in the regulation of expression of heat shock proteins (HSPs), a group of molecular chaperones, heat-induced expression of major HSPs (HSP105, HSP90alpha,(More)
It has been reported that antibodies (Abs) against heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs) are associated with human T-lymphotropic virus type I (HTLV-I)—associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) and multiple sclerosis (MS). However, these studies were done under nonmasked conditions. In order to determine whether Abs against(More)
Idiopathic herniation of the spinal cord is an extremely rare disorder which may cause progressive myelopathy. Two cases of this entity reported herein were both examined using MRI and CT myelography. The typical appearance of this disease with or without a dorsal intradural arachnoid cyst is focal ventral displacement of the mid-thoracic spinal cord,(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the incidence and clinical significance of HTLV-I associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP) showing T2 hyperintensity in the spinal cord on magnetic resonance images (MRI). PATIENTS AND METHODS We reviewed the spinal cord MRI of 38 HAM/TSP patients and analyzed them in relation to clinical and laboratory findings.(More)
The 14-3-3 protein belongs to a family of 30-kD proteins originally identified by two-dimensional analysis of brain protein extracts. Recently, the detection of the 14-3-3 protein in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is utilized as a highly reliable test for the premortem diagnosis of prion diseases such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. For the initial step, to(More)
A 55-year-old man with chronic alcoholism was first referred to us in 1992 because of spastic quadriparesis. T2-weighted images of MRI showed pontine and extracapsule lesions as central pontine and extrapontine myelinolysis (CPM/EPM). He had macrocytic anemia with normal serum level of vitamin B12 (B12). Gait disturbance was progressively worsened from the(More)
We evaluated the usefulness of the MRI criteria for multiple sclerosis (MS) proposed by Paty et al and Fazekas et al in 36 Japanese MS patients, using HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM)/tropical spastic paraparesis (TSP) as the control. Although 30 of 36 HAM/TSP patients had multiple white matter lesions on T2-weighted cranial MRI, only two fulfilled the(More)
A 51-year-old woman developed a slowly progressive spastic paraparesis and diminished vibration sense beginning at age 38. Intellectual capacity was normal. Krabbe disease was confirmed by markedly reduced leukocyte galactocerebrosidase (GALC) activity, typical inclusions in Schwann cell cytoplasm, and an identification of the homozygous point mutation(More)