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We compared the cytotoxicity of soluble and particulate titanium (Ti), vanadium (V) and nickel (Ni) by biochemical functional analysis and by microscopic morphology with micro-area elemental analysis in vitro using human neutrophils as probes and in vivo in animals. The biochemical analyses of LDH, superoxide anion, TNF-alpha and scanning electron(More)
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are single- or multi-cylindrical graphene structures that possess diameters of a few nanometers, while the length can be up to a few micrometers. These could have unusual toxicological properties, in that they share intermediate morphological characteristics of both fibers and nanoparticles. To date, no detailed study has been(More)
To evaluate the biocompatibility of refractory metals, titanium, hafnium, niobium, tantalum and rhenium were implanted in rats, and histological observation and elemental mapping were performed by X-ray scanning analytical microscope (XSAM) and electron probe microanalyzer (EPMA). The titanium, hafnium, niobium, tantalum and rhenium wires were implanted in(More)
Functional graded materials (FGM) provided us one new concept for guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane design with graded component and graded structure where one face of the membrane is porous thereby allowing cell growth thereon and the opposite face of the membrane is smooth, thereby inhibiting cell adhesion in periodontal therapy. The goal of the(More)
Yttria partially stabilized zirconia (YPSZ) ceramics are suitable for dental and medical use because of their high fracture toughness and chemical durability. The purpose of this study was to examine the bonding behavior of a dental YPSZ ceramic, Denzir. After being subjected to various surface treatments, Denzir specimens were bonded to each other using an(More)
After the discovery of fullerene and carbon nanotubes, various carbon nanomaterials were discovered or synthesized. The carbon nanomaterials have remarkable properties, different from bulk materials with the same chemical composition, and are therefore useful for industrial applications. However, the toxicity of nanomaterials may also differ from that of(More)
The surface morphology and crystal structure change of dental zirconia after hydrofluoric acid (HF) etching were evaluated. Four groups of sintered zirconia specimens were 1) control group, 2) immersion in 9.5%HF at 25°C for 1, 2, 3, or 24 h, 3) immersion in 9.5%HF at 80°C for 1, 3, 5, or 30 min and 4) immersion in 48%HF at 25°C for 30 or 60 min. The(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this paper was to investigate the in vitro biodegradation of a guided tissue regeneration composite membrane, nano-carbonated hydroxyapatite/collagen/poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (nCHAC/PLGA). Especially for periodontal therapy, the functional graded material (FGM) nCHAC/PLGA membrane was prepared that consisted of three layers(More)
The soft tissues implanted with Cu, Ni, Fe, Ag, Ti, Ni-Ti, SUS304 and SUS316 wires were investigated with XSAM and compared with histological observation. The relationship between the distribution of dissolved metal elements and the tissue response was evaluated. Of the metals whose dissolution was clearly observed by XSAM, severe tissue damage was observed(More)
OBJECTIVES Yttria partially stabilized zirconia (YPSZ) ceramic is suitable for dental and medical use because of its high fracture toughness and chemical durability. The purpose of this study was to estimate the cytotoxicity and bonding property of zirconia ceramic compared to other dental ceramics. METHODS Eight commercial dental ceramics including(More)