Motohiro Kobayashi

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Helicobacter pylori infects the stomachs of nearly a half the human population, yet most infected individuals remain asymptomatic, which suggests that there is a host defense against this bacterium. Because H. pylori is rarely found in deeper portions of the gastric mucosa, where O-glycans are expressed that have terminal alpha1,4-linked(More)
One of the main characteristics of multiple myeloma cells is their predominant localization in the bone marrow. It is, however, unclear whether this is due to a selective initial entry, or whether this entry is more random and other processes like survival and/or growth stimulation, only present in the medullar microenvironment, are unique. To investigate(More)
Approximately 10–15% of individuals infected with Helicobacter pylori will develop ulcer disease (gastric or duodenal ulcer), while most people infected with H. pylori will be asymptomatic. The majority of infected individuals remain asymptomatic partly due to the inhibition of synthesis of cholesteryl a-glucosides in H. pylori cell wall by(More)
Approximately 10-15% of individuals infected with Helicobacter pylori will develop ulcer disease (gastric or duodenal ulcer), while most people infected with H. pylori will be asymptomatic. The majority of infected individuals remain asymptomatic partly due to the inhibition of synthesis of cholesteryl α-glucosides in H. pylori cell wall by(More)
Under normal and pathological conditions, lymphocyte migration into the gastrointestinal mucosa to form gut-associated lymphoid tissue is mediated by the L-selectin ligand peripheral lymph node addressin and the integrin α4β7 ligand mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) expressed on high endothelial venules (HEVs) and HEV-like vessels. In(More)
Maintenance and differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells (hPSCs) usually requires culture on a substrate for cell adhesion. A commonly used substratum is Matrigel purified from Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm sarcoma cells, and consists of a complex mixture of extracellular matrix proteins, proteoglycans, and growth factors. Several studies have successfully(More)
Dihydropyridine Ca(2+) channel antagonists (DHPs) block Ca(V)1.2 L-type Ca(2+) channels (LTCCs) by stabilizing their voltage-dependent inactivation (VDI); however, it is still not clear how DHPs allosterically interact with the kinetically distinct (fast and slow) VDI. Thus, we analyzed the effect of a prototypical DHP, nifedipine on LTCCs with or without(More)
Primary colorectal signet ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) is a rare but distinctive type of mucin-producing adenocarcinoma of the large intestine with still controversial clinicopathological features and prognosis. We encountered primary colonic SRCC in a 51-year-old Japanese man with extensive bone metastasis ultimately leading to carcinocythemia before the(More)
When cyclophosphamide (CY) (100-120 mg kg(-1)) was administered intravenously (i.v.) to normal F-344 rats, oliguria occurred over the 5-day observation period. Conversely, in rats bearing matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) producing 13762NF mammary adenocarcinoma (MTLn3 clone), polyuria occurred chiefly during the first 24 h after CY treatment. In parallel(More)