Motohiro Kobayashi

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Alpha-dystroglycan (alpha-DG) represents a highly glycosylated cell surface molecule that is expressed in the epithelial cell-basement membrane (BM) interface and plays an essential role in epithelium development and tissue organization. The alpha-DG-mediated epithelial cell-BM interaction is often impaired in invasive carcinomas, yet roles and underlying(More)
Helicobacter pylori infects the stomachs of nearly a half the human population, yet most infected individuals remain asymptomatic, which suggests that there is a host defense against this bacterium. Because H. pylori is rarely found in deeper portions of the gastric mucosa, where O-glycans are expressed that have terminal alpha1,4-linked(More)
BACKGROUND TZT-1027 (Soblidotin), a newly synthesized dolastatin 10 derivative that depolymerizes microtubules, has potent antitumor activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS Cell-killing kinetic analysis was performed by the colony-forming assay and the kinetics of TZT-1027 were compared with those of neocarzinostatin, adriamycin and vincristine, known to be(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative bacterium that infects over 50% of the world's population. This organism causes various gastric diseases such as chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer, and gastric cancer. H. pylori possesses lipopolysaccharides that share structural similarity to Lewis blood group antigens in gastric mucosa. Such antigenic mimicry could(More)
We investigated the ability of TZT-1027 (Soblidotin), a novel antimicrotubule agent, to induce antivascular effects, because most vascular targeting agents that selectively disrupt tumor vasculature also inhibit tubulin polymerization. Treatment with 10(-7) g/mL TZT-1027 rapidly disrupted the microtubule cytoskeleton in human umbilical vascular endothelial(More)
Helicobacter pylori infects over half the world's population and is a leading cause of peptic ulcer and gastric cancer. H. pylori infection results in chronic inflammation of the gastric mucosa, and progression of chronic inflammation leads to glandular atrophy and intestinal metaplasia. However, how this chronic inflammation is induced or maintained is not(More)
BACKGROUND α-Dystroglycan (DG) carries glycan chains that bind to laminin and thus function in homeostasis of not only skeletal muscle but also of various epithelial cells. Loss of glycosylation has been suggested to play important roles in tumor development, particularly in detachment and migration of carcinoma cells. We previously reported that(More)
Trophinin is a unique adhesion molecule expressed by human trophoblastic cells. Its activity and in vivo expression pattern implicate trophinin in the initial attachment of trophectoderm cells to maternal epithelia. Subsequent to apical adhesion, trophoblasts aggressively invade maternal tissue to form the placenta, a process resembling tumor invasion.(More)
OBJECTIVES Type 1 autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) is histologically characterized by dense lymphoplasmacytic infiltration and marked storiform fibrosis, manifestations associated with pancreatic ducts. Such periductal lymphocyte recruitment is thought to be elicited by dysregulation of mechanisms governing physiological lymphocyte homing. The present study(More)
Approximately 10–15% of individuals infected with Helicobacter pylori will develop ulcer disease (gastric or duodenal ulcer), while most people infected with H. pylori will be asymptomatic. The majority of infected individuals remain asymptomatic partly due to the inhibition of synthesis of cholesteryl a-glucosides in H. pylori cell wall by(More)