Motohiko Takemura

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Organ-specific stem cells can be identified by the side population (SP) phenotype, which is defined by the property to effectively exclude the Hoechst 33342 dye. The ATP-binding cassette transporter ABCG2/BCRP1 mediates the SP phenotype. Because hepatic oval cells possess several characteristics of stem cells, we examined whether they have the SP phenotype(More)
To address the functional alterations of monoaminergic neuronal systems in mice after single and repeated administration of methamphetamine, we examined the tissue contents of monoamines and their metabolites in addition to locomotor activity estimated by horizontal locomotion and rearing measurements. In male ICR mice, the repeated treatment regimen(More)
Behavioral functions of Wistar and Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, Wilson's disease animal model, were compared by measuring the open-field, acoustic startle reflex and prepulse inhibition (PPI), and shuttle-box avoidance learning tests with or without oral supplementation with copper or D-penicillamine, copper chelator. All of the LEC rats, irrespective of(More)
Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCNs) are involved in cognitive functions such as learning and memory, and are affected in several neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Alzheimer's disease). Despite their importance, the molecular mechanisms of their development are not fully elucidated. A recent report demonstrated that some BFCNs in adult rat are(More)
The expression of the heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein beta 1 subunit gene (GNB1) is regulated by psychostimulants such as cocaine and amphetamines. Since the up-regulation appears to be one of the candidate processes of sensitization, it is necessary to elucidate the cellular and molecular mechanism of the GNB1 gene regulation for a better understanding(More)
We evaluated the effects of pretreatment with clorgyline, an irreversible monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A inhibitor, on morphine-induced hyperlocomotion and antinociception. A single administration of morphine (30 mg/kg, i.p.) to male ICR mice induced a hyperlocomotion. ANOVA analysis revealed the statistical significance of the morphine effect on horizontal(More)
Oval cells of the liver participate in liver regeneration when hepatocytes are prevented from proliferating in response to liver damage. To clarify the role of oncostatin M (OSM) in the liver regeneration involving oval cells, we examined the expression of OSM and OSM-specific receptor (OSM-R) in the liver undergoing regeneration in the(More)
Treatment with amyloid beta(1-42) (Abeta(1-42)) at 1microM for 60min increased phagocytosis of latex beads by cultured rat microglia. This increase was reduced dose-dependently by prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)), but PGD(2), PGF(2alpha), iloprost, or U-46619 had no effects. PGE(2) also reduced the phagocytosis of fluorescent-labeled Abeta(1-42).(More)
A variety of drug treatment regimens have been proposed to model the dysphoric state observed during methamphetamine (METH) withdrawal in rats, but little has been established in experiments using mice. In male ICR mice, a fixed-dose injection regimen of METH (1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, i.p., twice daily for 10 consecutive days) induced a significant decrease in the(More)
In the present study, the effects of morphine were examined on tests of spatial memory, object exploration, locomotion, and anxiety in male ICR mice. Administration of morphine (15 or 30 mg/kg, intraperitoneally (i.p.)) induced a significant decrease in Y-maze alternations compared to saline vehicle-treated mice. The reduced Y-maze alternations induced by(More)