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Behavioral functions of Wistar and Long-Evans Cinnamon (LEC) rats, Wilson's disease animal model, were compared by measuring the open-field, acoustic startle reflex and prepulse inhibition (PPI), and shuttle-box avoidance learning tests with or without oral supplementation with copper or D-penicillamine, copper chelator. All of the LEC rats, irrespective of(More)
To address the functional alterations of monoaminergic neuronal systems in mice after single and repeated administration of methamphetamine, we examined the tissue contents of monoamines and their metabolites in addition to locomotor activity estimated by horizontal locomotion and rearing measurements. In male ICR mice, the repeated treatment regimen(More)
Basal forebrain cholinergic neurons (BFCNs) are involved in cognitive functions such as learning and memory, and are affected in several neurodegenerative diseases (e.g. Alzheimer's disease). Despite their importance, the molecular mechanisms of their development are not fully elucidated. A recent report demonstrated that some BFCNs in adult rat are(More)
Using an in vivo intracerebral microdialysis method coupled with an HPLC-fluorometric method, we investigated the extracellular level of endogenous histamine in the anterior hypothalamic area of urethane-anaesthetized rats. The basal rate of release of endogenous histamine in the anterior hypothalamic area measured by this method was 0.09 +/- 0.01 pmol/20(More)
Brain levels of TNF-alpha increase in many inflammatory conditions, including HIV-1 infection, and may contribute to neurodegenerative processes. The paucity of agents that can selectively and potently block TNF-alpha processing or its receptors has led us to investigate the role of TNF-alpha in chronic neurodegeneration associated with retroviral infection(More)
The psychomotor stimulant methamphetamine (METH) has been shown to cause specific behaviors such as hyperlocomotion in rodents. Pretreatment of repeated s.c. administration of clorgyline (1 mg/kg, once per day for 5 consecutive days), a monoamine oxidase (MAO)-A inhibitor, blocked hyperlocomotion induced by a single i.p. administration of METH (1 mg/kg) in(More)
Putative N-type voltage-sensitive calcium channels were localized autoradiographically in thaw-mounted rat brain slices using [125I]omega-conotoxin GVIA as a ligand. Density of the toxin binding sites were highly heterogeneous throughout the brain. The highest density of the binding sites was observed in the glomerular layer of the olfactory bulb, cerebral(More)
A variety of drug treatment regimens have been proposed to model the dysphoric state observed during methamphetamine (METH) withdrawal in rats, but little has been established in experiments using mice. In male ICR mice, a fixed-dose injection regimen of METH (1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, i.p., twice daily for 10 consecutive days) induced a significant decrease in the(More)
Marked increases in metabolites of the L-tryptophan-kynurenine pathway, L-kynurenine and quinolinic acid (Quin), were observed in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of both the rat and human with renal insufficiency. The mechanisms responsible for their accumulation after renal insufficiency were investigated. In patients with chronic renal insufficiency,(More)
Histamine has been suggested to have roles as a neurotransmitter or a neuromodulator. Direct fiber connections between the hypothalamus and the cerebellum have recently been demonstrated and it is suggested that the cerebellum is involved in the control of autonomic and emotional functions. These fibers include histaminergic fibers. The components of(More)