Motohide Shibayama

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Interleukin-1 (IL-1), one of the most important inflammatory cytokines, promotes glia to express intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) in vitro. IL-1 is known to be produced in situ immediately after brain insults and recently we have found that glia, including astrocytes, express ICAM-1 in vivo following cortical stab wounds. To evaluate the(More)
We assessed the cerebral blood flow (CBF) response to electrical stimulation of the contralateral forearm over the primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) in anesthetized cats. CBF was monitored continuously using laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF). In the first set of experiments, the effects of varying stimulus frequency and intensity were examined. During(More)
Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are important in various pathophysiological processes related with the tissue remodeling. We planned the experiments to determine whether MMPs participate in disruption and repair of the tissue following brain injury. We have studied induction of MMP-9, a 92 kilodalton (kDa) gelatinase, in traumatic brain tissue, which may(More)
A case of a patient with a xanthogranuloma in the thoracic spine is presented. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intradural extramedullary tumor between T6 and T9 as a low-intensity mass on both T1- and T2-weighted images. Total removal of this tumor was achieved through a laminoplastic laminectomy. Differentiation of this disease from other(More)
We conducted an anatomical study to determine the best technique for transfer of the anterior interosseous nerve (AIN) for the treatment of proximal ulnar nerve injuries. The AIN, ulnar nerve, and associated branches were dissected in 24 cadaver arms. The number of branches of the AIN and length available for transfer were measured. The nerve was divided(More)
STUDY DESIGN A retrospective comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and quantitative electromyography (EMG) findings in patients with compressive cervical myelopathy (CCM). OBJECTIVES To investigate which parameters of the EMG motor unit potentials (MUPs) as determined by automatic analysis of 4 muscles in the upper limb are correlated with spinal(More)
A dural tear is a common but troublesome complication of endoscopic spinal surgery. The limitations of space make repair difficult, and it is often necessary to proceed to an open operation to suture the dura in order to prevent leakage of cerebrospinal fluid. We describe a new patch technique in which a small piece of polyglactin 910 is fixed to the(More)
Coupling of neuronal activity to cerebral blood flow (CBF) is widely accepted, but the exact mechanism is still under investigation. We assessed the responses of CBF coupled with electrical activity over the primary somatosensory cortex (S-I) during electrical stimulation of the contralateral forearm in cats. CBF in S-I was monitored using laser-Doppler(More)
To evaluate the effect of glycerol, thirty-two patients with brain tumor were directed to the study, including 17 gliomas and 15 meningiomas. Blood flow before and after the administration of glycerol were measured with Xe CT. Glioma was significantly hypo-perfused. The peritumoral edema of glioma and meningioma were also hypo-perfused. On the other hand,(More)
Our study was performed to find out cerebrovascular reactivity post acetazolamide administration in patients with peritumoral edema. Adult patients (n = 9) underwent CBF measurement by 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT pre and post 1 gram i.v. acetazolamide. In all patients, this procedure was repeated once again within 10 days of performing tumor removal. Five of these(More)