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Ionizing radiation (IR)-enhanced tumor invasiveness is emerging as a contributor to the limited benefit of radiotherapy; however, its mechanism is still unclear. We previously showed that subcloned lung adenocarcinoma A549 cells (P cells), which survived 10 Gy IR (IR cells), acquired high invasiveness in vitro. Here, we tried to identify the mechanism by(More)
Mycoplasmal membrane diacylated lipoproteins not only initiate proinflammatory responses through Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and TLR6 via the activation of the transcriptional factor NF-kappaB, but also initiate apoptotic responses. The aim of this study was to clarify the apoptotic machineries. Mycoplasma fermentans lipoproteins and a synthetic lipopeptide,(More)
The lipopeptide FSL-1 [S-(2,3-bispalmitoyloxypropyl)-Cys-Gly-Asp-Pro-Lys-His-Pro-Lys-Ser-Phe, Pam(2)CGDPKHPKSF] synthesized on the basis of the N-terminal structure of a Mycoplasma salivarium lipoprotein capable of activating normal human gingival fibroblasts to induce the cell surface expression of ICAM-1 revealed an activity to induce production of(More)
It has demonstrated that the recognition of triacylated lipopeptides by Toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 requires TLR1 as a coreceptor. In the NF-kappaB reporter assay system in which human embryonic kidney 293 cells were transfected with TLR2 and TLR1 together with an NF-kappaB luciferase reporter gene,(More)
S-(2,3-bispalmitoyloxypropyl)Cys-Gly-Asp-Pro-Lys-His-Pro-Lys-Ser-Phe (FSL-1) derived from Mycoplasma salivarium stimulated NF-kappaB reporter activity in human embryonic kidney 293 (HEK293) cells transfected with Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) or cotransfected with TLR2 and TLR6, but not in HEK293 cells transfected with TLR6, in a dose-dependent manner. The(More)
PURPOSE The aim of this study was to determine if the standardized uptake value (SUV) of fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) for head and neck cancer can predict the outcome of radiotherapy and if the SUV is correlated with histological grade, mitosis, and apoptosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS The study included 45 head and neck cancer(More)
Details of roles of carbohydrates attached to Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in the recognition of pathogen-associated molecular patterns and in the formation of the functional receptor complex still remain unknown. This study was designed to determine whether the glycans linked at Asn114, Asn199, Asn414 and Asn442 residues of TLR2 ectodomain were involved in(More)
Radiotherapy is an important noninvasive treatment for many types of cancer. However, it has been reported that the proliferative, invasive, and metastatic capacities of tumor cells can be increased in the repopulated tumors that survive radiotherapy. We have previously established a radiation-surviving cell model for the human non-small cell lung cancer(More)