Motoaki Takayanagi

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The distribution, morphological features, and postnatal development of parvalbumin (PV) immunoreactive neurons in the main olfactory bulb (MOB) of the house musk shrew, Suncus murinus, were studied to report for the first time on PV positive bulbar interneurons in the order Insectivora. In adult animals, PV neurons are distributed in the glomerular layer(More)
The influences of protein kinase inhibitors, K-252a and staurosporine, on the neurotrophic effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) were investigated in dissociated cell cultures of the hippocampus and cerebellum of fetal rats. Addition of 1 ng/ml EGF enhanced the survival of cultured neurons of both brain regions. Both K-252a (10-200 nM) and staurosporine(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress has long been recognized to be associated with asthma symptoms. There appear to be individual differences in the susceptibility to even the same kind of stress, and furthermore, stress responses are different between the types of the stress, acute and chronic, even in the same person. However, the mechanisms linking stress to(More)
Neutrophic effects of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF) and its modified protein CS23 on brain neurons were evaluated by their abilities to promote survival of primary cultured neurons from various regions of fetal rat brain. In the molecule of CS23, two serines are substituted for two cysteines at positions 70 and 88 in the natural(More)
Effects of recombinant human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) on survival of primary cultured neurons from various regions of fetal rat brain were compared with those of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF). Addition of hEGF (0.001-10 ng/ml) in chemically-defined serum-free medium enhanced significantly the survival of cultured neurons(More)
Neurotrophic effects of CS23, a mutein of human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and recombinant human epidermal growth factor (hEGF) were compared in dissociated cerebellar cultures from embryonic (E20) and early postnatal (P0-5) rats. Both CS23 and hEGF promoted the survival of cerebellar neurons without distinction of ages of animals used. The(More)
The prevalence and severity of bronchial asthma are higher in females than in males after puberty. Although antigen-specific CD8+ T cells play an important role in the development of asthma through their suppressive effect on cytokine production, the contribution of CD8+ T cells to sex differences in asthmatic responses remains unclear. In the present(More)
The influences of K-252a and staurosporine, protein kinase inhibitors, on neurotrophic effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were investigated in dissociated cell cultures of the striatum, hippocampus and cerebellum of fetal rats. Addition of 1 ng/ml bFGF enhanced the survival of cultured neurons of all brain regions tested. Both K-252a (10-200(More)
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