Learn More
The influences of protein kinase inhibitors, K-252a and staurosporine, on the neurotrophic effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) were investigated in dissociated cell cultures of the hippocampus and cerebellum of fetal rats. Addition of 1 ng/ml EGF enhanced the survival of cultured neurons of both brain regions. Both K-252a (10-200 nM) and staurosporine(More)
Rhamnose-binding lectin from catfish (Silurus asotus) eggs (SAL) has the ability to induce externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), followed by cell shrinkage in globotriaosylceramide (Gb3)-expressing Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. Because phospholipid scramblase and aminophospholipid translocase did not participate in SAL-induced PS externalization, we(More)
We examined the role of selenium (Se) in the mechanism of oxidative stress caused by endotoxin by feeding rats deficient a diet in this element. In rats fed the Se-deficient diet (concentration of Se, less than 0.027 microg g(-1)) for 10 weeks, Se level and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in the liver were about 47 and 43% lower, respectively, than(More)
Acquired drug resistance is a major factor in the failure of doxorubicin-based cancer chemotherapy. We determined the ability of cinchonine to reverse doxorubicin drug resistance in a doxorubicin-resistant leukaemia cell line (mouse P388/DOX). A non-cytotoxic concentration of cinchonine (10 microM) increased the sensitivity to doxorubicin of(More)
Initial events of T-cell activation involve movement of the T-cell receptor into lipid rafts. Gangliosides are major components of lipid rafts. While investigating T-cell activation in ganglioside-deficient mice, we observed that CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells required different ganglioside subsets for activation. Activation of CD4(+) T cells from GM3(More)
The influence of oxidative stress by hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was examined in mouse primary cultured hepatocytes. A change in morphology was observed in hepatocytes incubated for 30 min in saline A containing H2O2. The percentage of dead cells, as measured by the fluorescence method, was increased in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, a ladder-like DNA(More)
We examined the role of endotoxin in the mechanism of recombinant human tumor necrosis factor (rhTNF)-hypersensitivity caused by D-galactosamine (GalN). We used polymyxin B, an antibiotic with anti-endotoxin activity, to determine the participation of endogenous endotoxin. The glycogen and blood glucose level of rhTNF (1 x 10(4) units/mouse, i.v.)-injected(More)
BACKGROUND Before puberty, the prevalence and severity of asthma are higher in boys than in girls, but this pattern is reversed after puberty. The underlying mechanisms of these gender differences in asthma are not fully understood. Using murine models of allergic asthma, a sex difference in Th2 cytokine production has been suggested to contribute to the(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress has long been recognized to be associated with asthma symptoms. There appear to be individual differences in the susceptibility to even the same kind of stress, and furthermore, stress responses are different between the types of the stress, acute and chronic, even in the same person. However, the mechanisms linking stress to(More)
Neutrophic effects of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF) and its modified protein CS23 on brain neurons were evaluated by their abilities to promote survival of primary cultured neurons from various regions of fetal rat brain. In the molecule of CS23, two serines are substituted for two cysteines at positions 70 and 88 in the natural(More)