Motoaki Takayanagi

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Neutrophic effects of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (hbFGF) and its modified protein CS23 on brain neurons were evaluated by their abilities to promote survival of primary cultured neurons from various regions of fetal rat brain. In the molecule of CS23, two serines are substituted for two cysteines at positions 70 and 88 in the natural(More)
We examined the role of selenium (Se) in the mechanism of oxidative stress caused by endotoxin by feeding rats deficient a diet in this element. In rats fed the Se-deficient diet (concentration of Se, less than 0.027 microg g(-1)) for 10 weeks, Se level and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in the liver were about 47 and 43% lower, respectively, than(More)
A novel C-type lectin (OLABL) was isolated from the eggs of shishamo smelt [Osmerus (Spirinchus) lanceolatus] by affinity chromatography on asialofetuin-Sepharose. OLABL had a molecular mass of 29 kDa on SDS-PAGE under nonreducing conditions and two subunits with masses of 15 kDa (OLABL-H) and 14 kDa (OLABL-L) under reducing conditions. Thus, OLABL is a(More)
The influences of K-252a and staurosporine, protein kinase inhibitors, on neurotrophic effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) were investigated in dissociated cell cultures of the striatum, hippocampus and cerebellum of fetal rats. Addition of 1 ng/ml bFGF enhanced the survival of cultured neurons of all brain regions tested. Both K-252a (10-200(More)
BACKGROUND Psychological stress has long been recognized to be associated with asthma symptoms. There appear to be individual differences in the susceptibility to even the same kind of stress, and furthermore, stress responses are different between the types of the stress, acute and chronic, even in the same person. However, the mechanisms linking stress to(More)
BACKGROUND Before puberty, the prevalence and severity of asthma are higher in boys than in girls, but this pattern is reversed after puberty. The underlying mechanisms of these gender differences in asthma are not fully understood. Using murine models of allergic asthma, a sex difference in Th2 cytokine production has been suggested to contribute to the(More)
This study demonstrates that astemizole, a non-sedating anti-histaminergic drug with low toxicity in vivo, greatly potentiates the growth-inhibitory activity of doxorubicin in doxorubicin-resistant human leukemia cells (K562/DXR). Astemizole synergistically potentiated the cytotoxicity of doxorubicin for K562/DXR cells at a concentration of 0.1-3 microM in(More)
Rhamnose-binding lectin from catfish (Silurus asotus) eggs (SAL) has the ability to induce externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), followed by cell shrinkage in globotriaosylceramide (Gb3)-expressing Burkitt's lymphoma Raji cells. Because phospholipid scramblase and aminophospholipid translocase did not participate in SAL-induced PS externalization, we(More)
The effect of cycloheximide (CH) on the cytotoxic activity of the anthracycline antibiotic epirubicin (EPI) was examined in cell cultures of murine leukemia doxorubicin (DOX)-sensitive P388 and -resistant P388 cells. The addition of CH (0.002 mu g/ml) to the growth medium markedly enhanced the EPI-induced cytotoxic effect in sensitive cells as well as that(More)
Initial events of T-cell activation involve movement of the T-cell receptor into lipid rafts. Gangliosides are major components of lipid rafts. While investigating T-cell activation in ganglioside-deficient mice, we observed that CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells required different ganglioside subsets for activation. Activation of CD4(+) T cells from GM3(More)