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The morphological and phenotypic changes of sinusoidal endothelial cells in hepatocellular carcinoma were investigated along with the hemodynamic changes. Hepatocellular carcinomas, which were 10-20 mm in diameter, were obtained by liver aspiration biopsy. Twenty specimens of well differentiated and 20 specimens of moderately differentiated hepatocellular(More)
BACKGROUND It is well known that many diseases may be associated with obesity resulting from an energy-rich diet, and that a westernized diet may increase the incidence of urinary stone formation. To evaluate degree of obesity, we investigated body mass index (BMI) in patients with calcium containing upper urinary stones and examined their blood with regard(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor is a potent direct-acting angiogenic factor. Early in hepatocarcinogenesis, hepatocellular carcinomas do not show hypervascularity; at later stages, they require abundant arterial blood flow. We investigated the role of vascular endothelial growth factor in hepatocellular carcinoma arterialization. We studied 51 patients(More)
Autocrine motility factor/phosphohexose isomerase (AMF/PHI) is a cytokine that is linked to tumor invasion and metastasis. In hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues, hepatoma cells produce AMF/PHI and its receptor, Mr 78,000 glycoprotein (gp78), is strongly detected in hepatoma cells invading into the stroma and tumor thrombi in the portal vein. Here, we(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Neovascularization, which is vital to the healing of injured tissues, recently has been found to include both angiogenesis, which involves in mature endothelial cells, and vasculogenesis, involving endothelial progenitor cells. The aim of this study was to clarify the possible roles of endothelial progenitor cells during postnatal liver(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a highly vascular tumor. Angiopoietin-1 and Angiopoietin-2 have been shown to be involved in tumor angiogenesis. We investigated the expression of Angiopoietin-1 and Angiopoietin-2 in HCC. METHODS The expression of Angiopoietin-1 and Angiopoietin-2 mRNAs in cultured hepatoma cells under hypoxic conditions(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Basic fibroblast growth factor has mitogenic and angiogenic properties. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the role of fibroblast growth factor in the development and progression of human hepatocellular carcinoma. METHODS The expression of basic fibroblast growth factor, fibroblast growth factor receptor-1, and a receptor isoform was(More)
BACKGROUND/METHODS The role of vacuolar type H(+)-ATPases (v-ATPases) and pH gradient between the endocytic compartments and cytoplasm in the endocytosis of asialoglycoproteins was morphologically investigated in isolated rat hepatocytes using bafilomycin A1, a specific inhibitor of v-ATPases. RESULTS Fluorescent staining by acridine orange showed that(More)
BACKGROUND Most of circulating hyaluronate has been commonly degraded by hepatic sinusoidal endothelial cells (SECs). In hepatic sinusoidal capillarization, SECs morphologically change and also seem to decrease hyaluronate degradation. This work expands on the relationship between serum hyaluronate levels and changes in hepatic SECs accompanying hepatic(More)
The contractile response of cultured Ito cells to endothelin-1 and substance P was examined. Ito cells were obtained from rat liver by perfusion with collagenase, followed by separation through centrifugal elutriation, and were cultured for 24 hr. The area of the Ito cells was measured after treatment with endothelin-1 or substance P at various(More)